ISSUE: OIL AND GAS: Although several oil fields have been developed along the Sunniland Trend in the past, only two fields, Bear Island and Raccoon Point, remain in production. The entire Raccoon Point oil field is located within the Preserve, while only a portion of the North Bear Island oil field is located within the Preserve. There are 37 abandoned oil and gas sites scattered across the Preserve consisting primarily of access roads and pad sites. Also in the Preserve are 22 miles of common carrier pipeline, which continues east from the Preserve and transports crude oil to Port Everglades on the east coast of Florida. Although the Bear Island and Raccoon Point fields are the only actively-producing fields in the Preserve, the likelihood of future development exists, particularly along the Sunniland Trend. Sources of impacts on the water resources include the following:
• Elevated well pads for the drilling and operation of the oil wells constructed from fill material outside the Preserve.
• Elevated access roads to the well fields, also from fill material outside the Preserve.
• Potential oil spills resulting from exploration and production, and damage to the pipeline.
• Potential brine spills from malfunctioning of the brine reinjection process.
Operational oversight consists of monitoring and compliance. New operational procedures include fluid containment systems and a closed recycling system that eliminates the need for reserve pits. At the present rate of development, oil and gas operations in the Preserve are likely to have minimal local effects on the water resources if surveillance is employed regularly and compliance with regulations is enforced. However, an accelerated rate of development could significantly stress water resources locally.
Source Water Resources Division https://www.nature.nps.gov/water/completedwrmp.htm
The General park map handed out at the visitor center is available on the park's map webpage.For information about topographic maps, geologic maps, and geologic data sets, please see the geologic maps page.
A geology photo album has not been prepared for this park.For information on other photo collections featuring National Park geology, please see the Image Sources page.
Currently, we do not have a listing for a park-specific geoscience book. The park's geology may be described in regional or state geology texts.
Parks and Plates: The Geology of Our National Parks, Monuments & Seashores.
Lillie, Robert J., 2005.
W.W. Norton and Company.
9" x 10.75", paperback, 550 pages, full color throughout
The spectacular geology in our national parks provides the answers to many questions about the Earth. The answers can be appreciated through plate tectonics, an exciting way to understand the ongoing natural processes that sculpt our landscape. Parks and Plates is a visual and scientific voyage of discovery!
Ordering from your National Park Cooperative Associations' bookstores helps to support programs in the parks. Please visit the bookstore locator for park books and much more.
For information about permits that are required for conducting geologic research activities in National Parks, see the Permits Information page.
The NPS maintains a searchable data base of research needs that have been identified by parks.
A bibliography of geologic references is being prepared for each park through the Geologic Resources Evaluation Program (GRE). Please see the GRE website for more information and contacts.
NPS Geology and Soils PartnersAssociation of American State Geologists
Geological Society of America
Natural Resource Conservation Service - Soils
U.S. Geological Survey
Currently, we do not have a listing for any park-specific geology education programs or activities.
General information about the park's education and intrepretive programs is available on the park's education webpage.For resources and information on teaching geology using National Park examples, see the Students & Teachers pages.