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Studies and Monitoring

Badlands National Park

Badlands National Park (NP), South Dakota, has its own unique environmental concerns based on its particular ecology. Click on the tabs below to access air quality monitoring information from the park and to review key scientific references at Badlands NP.

  • Monitoring & Data
  • Key References

Air quality monitoring information and data access:

Air Pollutant/Impact

Monitoring Program

Sites and Data Access

Visibility IMPROVE
Ozone South Dakota Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources
Nitrogen & Sulfur NPS Air Quality Inventory

Abbreviations in the above table:

    IMPROVE: Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments
    NPS: National Park Service
    VIEWS: Visibility Information Exchange Web System

For more information regarding monitoring and data assessments conducted by the National Park Service, link to the NPS Air Quality Monitoring Program or to the NPS Air Quality Monitoring History Database for a history of active and inactive monitoring sites at Acadia NP.

Key air quality related references from Badlands NP, South Dakota:

Allen, E. B., L. E. Rao, R. J. Steers, A. Bytnerowicz, and M. E. Fenn. 2009. Impacts of atmospheric nitrogen deposition on vegetation and soils in Joshua Tree National Park. Pages 78–100 in R. H. Webb, L. F. Fenstermaker, J. S. Heaton, D. L. Hughson, E. V. McDonald, and D. M. Miller, editors. The Mojave Desert: ecosystem processes and sustainability. University of Nevada Press, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA.

Brooks, M.L. 2003. Effects of increased soil nitrogen on the dominance of alien annual plants in the Mojave Desert. Journal of Applied Ecology. 40:344–353.

Chambers, J. C., B. A. Roundy, R. R. Blank, S. E. Meyer, A. Whittaker. 2007. What Makes Great Basin Sagebrush Ecosystems Invasible by Bromus Tectorum? Ecological Monographs 77(1): 117–145.

[IMPROVE] Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments. 2013. Improve Summary Data. Available at http://vista.cira.colostate.edu/improve/Data/IMPROVE/summary_data.htm.

Inouye, R.S. 2006. Effects of shrub removal and nitrogen addition on soil moisture in sagebrush steppe. Journal of Arid Environments. 65: 604–618.

Kohut, B. 2004. Assessing the Risk of Foliar Injury from Ozone on Vegetation in Parks in the Northern Great Plains Network. Available at https://www.nature.nps.gov/air/pubs/pdf/03Risk/ngpnO3RiskOct04.pdf (pdf, 205 KB).

Kohut, B., C. Flanagan, E. Porter, J. Cheatham. 2012. Foliar Ozone Injury on Cutleaf Coneflower at Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado. Western North American Naturalist 72(1): 32–42.

Lehmann, C. M. B., V. C. Bowersox, R. S. Larson, S. M. Larson. 2007. Monitoring Long-term Trends in Sulfate and Ammonium in US Precipitation: Results from the National Atmospheric Deposition Program/National Trends Network. Acid Rain-Deposition to Recovery: 59–66. Water Air Soil Pollut: Focus.

Mazzola, M. B., K. G. Allcock, J. C. Chambers, R. R. Blank, E. W. Schupp, P. S. Doescher, and R. S. Nowak. 2008. Effects of Nitrogen Availability and Cheatgrass Competition on the Establishment of Vavilov Siberian Wheatgrass. Rangeland Ecol Manage 61: 475–484.

Ogle, S. M. and W. A. Reiners. 2002. A phytosociological study of exotic annual brome grasses in a mixed grass prairie/ponderosa pine forest ecotone. The American Midland Naturalist. 147(1): 25–31.

Pardo, L.H., M. J. Robin-Abbott, C. T. Driscoll, eds. 2011. Assessment of Nitrogen deposition effects and empirical critical loads of Nitrogen for ecoregions of the United States. Gen. Tech. Rep. NRS–80. Newtown Square, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Research Station. 291 p. Available at: http://nrs.fs.fed.us/pubs/38109.

Payne, R. J., N. B. Dise, C. J. Stevens, D. J. Gowing, et al. 2013. Impact of nitrogen deposition at the species level. PNAS 110 (3): 984–987.

Peterson, D. L., T. J. Sullivan, J. M. Eilers, S. Brace, D. Horner, K. Savig, and D. Morse. 1998. Assessment of air quality and air pollutant impacts in national parks of the Rocky Mountains and northern Great Plains. Chapter 9. Badlands National Park. Report NPS/CCSOUW/NRTR–98/19. National Park Service, Air Resources Division, Denver, CO. Available at https://www.nature.nps.gov/air/Pubs/pdf/reviews/rm/RM9badl.pdf (pdf, 1 MB).

Pohlman, D. and T. Maniero. 2005. Air Quality Monitoring Considerations for the Northern Great Plains Network Parks. 88 pp. Available at https://irma.nps.gov/App/Reference/Profile/2180596.

Schwinning, S., B. I. Starr, N. J. Wojcik, M. E. Miller, J. E. Ehleringer, R. L. Sanford. 2005. Effects of nitrogen deposition on an arid grassland in the Colorado plateau cold desert. Rangeland Ecology and Management. 58: 565–574.

[SD-DENR] South Dakota Dept. of Environment and Natural Resources. South Dakota Ambient Air Monitoring Annual Network Plan 2011. 92 pp. Available at http://pbadupws.nrc.gov/docs/ML1224/ML12240A382.pdf (pdf, 2.0 MB).

Sullivan, T. J., McDonnell, T. C., McPherson, G. T., Mackey, S. D., Moore, D. 2011a. Evaluation of the sensitivity of inventory and monitoring national parks to nutrient enrichment effects from atmospheric nitrogen deposition: main report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/ARD/NRR—2011/313. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at www.nature.nps.gov/air/permits/aris/networks/n-sensitivity.cfm.

Sullivan, T. J., McDonnell, T. C., McPherson, G. T., Mackey, S. D., Moore, D. 2011b. Evaluation of the sensitivity of inventory and monitoring national parks to nutrient enrichment effects from atmospheric nitrogen deposition: Northern Great Plains Network (NGPN). Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/ARD/NRR—2011/330. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at https://www.nature.nps.gov/air/Pubs/pdf/n-sensitivity/ngpn_n_sensitivity_2011-02.pdf (pdf, 7.4 MB).

Sullivan, T. J., McPherson, G. T., McDonnell, T. C., Mackey, S. D., Moore, D. 2011c. Evaluation of the sensitivity of inventory and monitoring national parks to acidification effects from atmospheric sulfur and nitrogen deposition: main report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/ARD/NRR—2011/349. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at http://nature.nps.gov/air/permits/aris/networks/acidification-eval.cfm.

Sullivan, T. J., McPherson, G. T., McDonnell, T. C., Mackey, S. D., Moore, D. 2011d. Evaluation of the sensitivity of inventory and monitoring national parks to acidification effects from atmospheric sulfur and nitrogen deposition: Northern Great Plains Network (NGPN). Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/ARD/NRR—2011/369. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at https://www.nature.nps.gov/air/Pubs/pdf/acidification/ngpn_acidification-eval_2011-05.pdf (pdf, 2.32 MB).

Sullivan, T. J. and T.C. McDonnell. 2014. Mapping of nutrient-nitrogen critical loads for selected national parks in the intermountain west and great lakes regions. Natural Resource Technical Report NPS/ARD/NRTR—2014/895. National Park Service, Fort Collins, Colorado. Available at https://www.nature.nps.gov/air/pubs/pdf/NRTR_MappingNutrientNCL_2014-08-11.pdf (pdf, 8.45 MB).


Featured Content

Impacts icon

Pollutants including nitrogen, sulfur, ozone, and fine particles affect resources such as soils and scenic vistas. Find out how on our Badlands NP Air Pollution Impacts web page.

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Last Updated: January 03, 2017