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Volume 27
Number 3
Winter 2010-2011
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Aerial photo of Elder Point East Restoration Journal
Building partnerships to restore an urban marsh ecosystem at Gateway National Recreation Area
By Patricia Rafferty, JoAnne Castagna, and Doug Adamo
Published: 4 Sep 2015 (online)  •  14 Sep 2015 (in print)
Causes of marsh loss in Jamaica Bay
Experimental marsh restoration
Marsh restoration monitoring
Results and discussion
Successes and lessons learned
Literature cited
About the authors
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Aerial image of the restoration site at Elders East, Gateway National Recreation Area

Galvin Brothers, Inc.

(Above) Elders East, Gateway National Recreation Area

The Jamaica Bay estuary is located on the western end of Long Island, New York (fig. 1), and most of the bay is part of the Jamaica Bay Unit of Gateway National Recreation Area. Historically the bay was known for an abundance and diversity of shellfish. In addition, with extensive marsh islands, tidal creeks, mudflats, and brackish water, the bay has served as an important nursery and feeding ground for many species of birds and fish. However, over time the Jamaica Bay ecosystem has been altered. Urban development has caused widespread changes in the quantity and quality of bay waters and much of the bay shoreline has been hardened and modified. The natural flow of water and sediment into the bay has been affected by channel dredging, stormwater runoff diversion, sewage treatment plant operations, and causeway construction. In addition, the Rockaway Inlet, on the bay’s southern shore, has migrated to the west over many years and has constricted flow into the bay. The bay also has experienced the conversion of more than 60% of the vegetated salt-marsh islands to intertidal and subtidal mudflats. Between 1951 and 2008, 647.5 hectares (1,600 ac) of salt marsh were lost; the current rate of loss is 7.7 hectares (19 ac) per year.

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This page updated:  17 February 2011

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From the Editor
In This Issue
Information Crossfile
Science Notes
Park Operations
Field Moment
Masthead Information
  Building partnerships to restore an urban marsh ecosystem at Gateway National Recreation Area
Defining resource stressor syndromes in southwestern national parks
On the application of the cyberinfrastructure model for efficiently monitoring invasive exotic species
Greater sage-grouse of Grand Teton National Park
An innovative method for nondestructive analysis of cast iron artifacts at Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site, Pennsylvania
Sidebar: Hopewell Furnace
Integrating traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) into natural resource management
The benefits of live interpretive programs to Great Smoky Mountains National Park
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