Scientists of various disciplines use Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument to conduct important research for several reasons. The monument has long-term protection, is the geographic center of the Sonoran Desert, has valuable data that can be correlated with other research, has been free of disturbing land use such as grazing and mining for 30+ years, and has high biodiversity. Bat research has been conducted here off and on since the 1970’s and regularly since 1990. Several population monitoring programs are in place.
Some questions that researchers are trying to answer are: How many bats are found in Organ Pipe? Which species are most common, which are rare, and why?