|1.3 Introduction Actions Requiring NEPA Analysis|
|The DO-12 Handbook and Director's Order | Intent of NEPA and NPS Mission | Actions Requiring NEPA Analysis | NEPA Fundamentals | Timing of NEPA | Specificity of Data Needed Plans and Projects|
NEPA is far-reaching. Whenever the NPS considers an action that could have impacts on the human environment, NEPA is triggered. This is true whether NPS generates the action or the applicant is a private individual or another federal, state, or local agency. While NEPA is only triggered when there is a physical impact on the environment, the CEQ regulations require analysis of social and economic effects in both an EA and an EIS. Social and economic impacts should be analyzed in any NEPA document where they are affected. Socioeconomic impacts include those to minority and low-income communities as specified in the Environmental Justice Executive Order (EO 12898; Feb. 11, 1994).
|Human environment CEQ defines the human environment as the natural and physical environment, and the relationship of people with that environment (1508.14).|
Federal actions are defined as projects, activities, or programs funded in whole or in part under the direct or indirect jurisdiction of a federal agency, including those carried out by or on behalf of a federal agency; those carried out with federal financial assistance; those requiring a federal permit, license, or approval; and those subject to state or local regulation administered pursuant to a delegation or approval by a federal agency.
These are some examples of federal actions:
If any of these actions has the potential to cause environmental impact, whether adverse or beneficial, the NEPA process must be completed before a decision is made.