|2.14 Overview of the NEPA Process Emergency Actions|
|The Analysis Process | Purpose and Need for Action | Defining the Proposal | Connected, Cumulative, and Similar Actions | NEPA Issues | Internal Scoping | Alternatives | Affected Environment | Impacts| Determining the Appropriate NEPA Pathway | Using Contractors | The Administrative Record | Working with Other Agencies | Emergency Actions|
Emergencies requiring immediate action are exempt from CEQs regulatory provisions for implementing NEPA (1506.11; 516 DM, 5.8), regardless of whether the actions have the potential for significant impact. In the event of an emergency, you should immediately take any action needed to prevent or reduce either risks to public health or safety or serious resource losses. CEQ and the Department require that both CEQ and OEPC (the Departments Office of Environmental Policy and Compliance) be consulted as soon as possible about NEPA compliance in such an event. If an action is one that would normally require an EIS, consult CEQ as soon as possible for approval of alternative arrangements. The NPS Environmental Quality Division coordinates these requests.
It is important to note that only those actions required to resolve the emergency are exempt. Other related actions (follow-up, connected, long-term, etc.) remain subject to the requirements of NEPA.
Examples of emergency actions are cleanup of immediately threatening hazardous materials spills, fire suppression, and prevention or repair of damage by unanticipated floods or other natural disasters (ESM97-3).