Masthead banner of Park Science: Integrating Research and Resource Management in the National Parks; ISSN 1090-9966; link to current issue
Volume 28
Number 2
Summer 2011
Arrowhead symbol of the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Home + About + Author Guidelines + Archive + Subscribe +  
Sidebar thumbnail image Sidebar
Standards and tools for using phenology in science, management, and education
By Carolyn Enquist and Abraham Miller-Rushing
Published: 15 Jan 2014 (online)  •  30 Jan 2014 (in print)
Abstract
  Article text
+ PDF +
Article text

The USA National Phenology Network (USA-NPN), established in 2007, is a national science and monitoring initiative focused on using phenology to understand how plants, animals, and landscapes respond to environmental variability and climate change. The network is collaborative, involving the contributions of government agencies, tribes, nongovernmental organizations, academic institutions, and individuals across the country.

The national coordinating office (NCO) of USA-NPN maintains an information management system for phenology-related data and information, develops and implements standardized phenology monitoring protocols, facilitates research and the development of decision support tools for resource managers, and promotes education and public engagement activities related to phenology and climate change. In addition the coordinating office facilitates partnerships across organizations, disciplines, and regions.

The tools and services provided by the national coordinating office are rapidly expanding, as is the field of phenology as a whole. Here we list a few of the new tools and services the network provides:

Nature’s Notebook, an online Web interface that allows participants to submit phenological observations following peer-reviewed, standardized methods.

• Tools for visualizing or downloading data from Nature’s Notebook that can be customized to facilitate local phenology monitoring projects, such as those organized by parks and Inventory and Monitoring Networks, eliminating the need for local projects to create their own databases and other cyberinfrastructure.

• A list of phenology-related citizen science projects.

• Tools for running phenology trainings and workshops.

• A clearinghouse of educational resources and a guide to phenology monitoring for students, teachers, and families.

• An online registry of historical data sets. You can submit records of data sets or search the registry to find data sets to use for research or educational applications.

• Coming soon: Peer-reviewed documentation of standard phenology monitoring methods designed to enable collection of sampling intensity and absence data for both plants and animals (i.e., standard operating procedures and protocols) is anticipated in 2012.

• Next steps: Development of phenology-based forecast and early warning systems for anticipating the ecological effects of changes in streamflow, drought, temperature and precipitation extremes, and wildfire frequency.

For more information about the USA-NPN, go to www.usanpn.org. For National Park Service–specific activities, go to www.usanpn.org/nps.

About the authors

Carolyn Enquist is the science coordinator with the USA National Phenology Network and The Wildlife Society and can be reached at (520) 622-0363 and by e-mail. Abraham Miller-Rushing is science coordinator with Acadia National Park and Schoodic Education and Research Center.

Return to top

This page updated:  4 November 2011
URL: http://www.nature.nps.gov/ParkScience/index.cfm?ArticleID=516&Page=1



Page 1 of 1
Departments
 
From the Editor
Information Crossfile
Masthead Information
FEATURES
 
Special Issue: Climate Change Science in the National Parks
Climate change impacts and carbon in U.S. national parks
Glossary: Climate change–related terms
Pikas in Peril: Multiregional vulnerability assessment of a climate-sensitive sentinel species
Pika monitoring under way in four western parks: The development of a collaborative multipark protocol
Climate change science in Everglades National Park
Sea-level rise: Observations, impacts, and proactive measures in Everglades National Park
Landscape response to climate change and its role in infrastructure protection and management at Mount Rainier National Park
Glacier trends and response to climate in Denali National Park and Preserve
Climate change, management decisions, and the visitor experience: The role of social science research
Conserving pinnipeds in Pacific Ocean parks in response to climate change
The George Melendez Wright Climate Change Fellowship Program: Promoting innovative park science for resource management
Estimating and mitigating the impacts of climate change and air pollution on alpine plant communities in national parks
Parks use phenology to improve management and communicate climate change
  Standards and tools for using phenology in science, management, and education
Hummingbird monitoring in Colorado Plateau parks
Paper birch: Sentinels of climate change in the Niobrara River Valley, Nebraska
Climate change in Great Basin National Park: Lake sediment and sensor-based studies
Long-term change in perennial vegetation along the Colorado River in Grand Canyon National Park (1889–2010)
The distribution and abundance of a nuisance native alga, Didymosphenia geminata, in streams of Glacier National Park
Monitoring direct and indirect climate effects on whitebark pine ecosystems at Crater Lake National Park
Related Publications + Explore Nature + NPS.gov + Privacy + Disclaimer + Contact Editor
Web Site Last Updated: 17 January 2014