Bay Wildlife Refuge is one of the most important urban wildlife
refuges in the United States. Encompassing 9,155 acres, it is
comprised of diverse habitats including salt marsh, several fresh
and brackish water ponds, upland field and woods, and an open
expanse of bay and islands – all located within the limits
of New York City.
was initially “created” and managed by the NYC Parks
Department. In 1951, Parks Commissioner Robert Moses, after consultation
with the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, ordered the creation
of two large fresh water ponds, today known as the East Pond (100
acres) and the West Pond (45 acres).
NYC Parks Department employee Herbert Johnson was transferred
to the site and became the first refuge manger.
the refuge was transferred to the National Park Service as part
of Gateway National Recreation Area.