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Selected references for the

Geology of Death Valley National Park

and surrounding region

Compiled by
Philadelphia J. Morrow and Michael N. Machette,
U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO

The following list of approximately 3,750 references was collected from National Park Service and U.S. Geological Survey files, from a literature search using GEOREF, and from references supplied by participants of the April 9-11, 1999 "Conference on Status of Geologic Research and Mapping in Death Valley National Park" (see attached proceedings volume). References that are incomplete or seem to have errors are marked "reference incomplete" and should be used with caution. The list has not been heavily edited for consistency, nor has a substantial effort been made to cull or prioritize the list. However, it should serve as a great resource for those uninitiated in Death Valley geology. The compilers are greatly indebted to Blair Davenport (NPS), Mel Essington (NPS), Angela Jayko (USGS), and Chris Menges (USGS), each of whom supplied large source lists

Some of the references have been coded as to the subject matter using the following codes. These codes follow the references.

C Geochemistry
G Geophysics
H Hydrology
I Imagery/remote sensing
M Mapping (geologic)
N Neotectonics
Q Quaternary geology, geomorphology, paleoclimate
S Stratigraphy, paleontology
T Structure, tectonics



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


S

Sabine, C., and Mayerle, R.T., 1985, Mineral resources of the Nopah Range Wilderness Study Area (BLM No. CDCA-150), Inyo County, California: (incomplete reference)

Sabins, F.F. Jr., 1984. Geologic mapping of Death Valley from Thematic Mapper, thermal infrared, and radar images. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment , v. 3, p. 139-152. (I,M)

Sada, D.W., 1984, Land Protection Plan: proposed acquisition to establish Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, Nye County, Nevada, Department of the Interior, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region I, Portland OR, 39 p. + appendices .

Sada, D.W., 1987, Introduction to the symposium: rehabilitation of Ash Meadows, Nevada, in Pister, Edwin P., Editor, Proceedings of the Desert Fishes Council: the sixteenth - eighteenth annual symposia, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi (1984), Death Valley National Monument (1985), St. George UT (1986), 1984, p. pages 84-85.

Sada, D.W., 1987, Perspectives on an integrated approach to recover Ash Meadows, Nevada, in Pister, Edwin P., Editor, Proceedings of the Desert Fishes Council: the sixteenth - eighteenth annual symposia, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi (1984), Death Valley National Monument (1985), St. George UT (1986), 1984, p. page 88.

Sada, D.W., 1990, Recovery plan for the endangered and threatened species of Ash Meadows, Nevada: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Reno, Nevada. (incomplete reference)

Sada, D.W., and Deacon, J.E., 1984, Environmental Assessment: proposed acquisition to establish Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge, Nye County, Nevada, Department of the Interior, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Region I, Portland OR, 64 p. + appendices .

Sada, D.W., and Deacon, J.E., 1994, The probable effects of ground water use proposed by the Las Vegas Valley Water District on spring-dwelling animals in southern Nevada and southeastern California. (incomplete reference)

Sada, D.W., and Deacon, J.E., 1995, Spatial and temporal variability of pupfish (genus Cyprinodon) habitat and populations at Salt Creek and Cottonball Marsh, Death Valley National Park, California, 76 pages. (incomplete reference)

Sada, D.W., and Deacon, J.E., 1997, Spatial and temporal variability of pupfish (genus Cyprinodon) habitat and populations at Saratoga Springs and the lower Amargosa River, Death Valley National Park, California, 105 p.

Sada, D.W., and J.E. 1994, Deacon, editors, Annotated bibliography for non-game aquatic biota in the deserts of southern Nevada and southeastern California, through 1993, 108 pp.

Sada, D.W., Pindal, K., Threloff, D.L., and Deacon, J.E., 1997, Spatial and temporal variability of pupfish (genus Cyprfinodon) habitat and populations at Saratoga Springs and lower Amargosa River, Death Valley National Park, California: Environmental Studies Program, University of Nevada at Las Vegas, 95 p.

Sadler, W.R., Campana, M.E., Jacobson, R.L., and Ingrahm, N.L., 1992, A deuterium-calibrated, discrete-state compartment model of regional groundwater flow, Nevada Test Site and vicinity: University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Desert Research Institute Publication 45088, 77 p.

Saint-Amand, P., 1986, Geology of the Panamint dune field, in Davis, Emma Lou, and Raven, Christopher, Editors, Environmental and paleoenvironmental studies in Panamint Valley: San Diego, CA, Great Basin Foundation, Contributions of the Great Basin Foundation Number 2, p. 55-64, 64 p.

Sales, John K., 1966, Structural analysis of the Basin and Range Province in terms of wrench faulting: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Nevada, Mackay School of Mines, Reno, Nevada. (incomplete reference)

Saltus, R.W., and Jachens, R.C., 1995, Gravity and basin depth maps for the Basin and Range province, western United States: U.S. Geological Survey Geophysical Map GP-1012, scale 1:2,500,000, interpretive text. (G)

Sampson, R.J., 1932, Mineral resources of a part of the Panamint Range in Mining in California, California Division of Mines and Geology Report , v. 28, p. 357-376. (incomplete reference)

Sanchez, P., 1969, Notes scribbled on field trip with Mitchell Reynolds [Titus Canyon]. (incomplete reference)

Sanchez, P.G., 1975, Selected bibliography: pupfish of Death Valley National Monument/related geology and hydrology, 1889-1974. (incomplete reference)

Santini, K.N., Shapiro, A.R. and Austin, G.S., 1982, Geology of the Ash Meadows clinoptilolite deposit, Inyo County, California, and Nye County, Nevada–Industrial rocks and minerals of the Southwest: Symposium on industrial rocks and minerals of the Southwest, Albuquerque, NM. (incomplete reference)

Sargent, K.A., 1989, Potential host media for radioactive wasteStudies of geology and hydrology in the Basin and Range Province, Southwestern United States, for isolation of high-level radioactive waste- -characterization of the Death Valley Region, Nevada and California., US Geological Survey, Studies of geology and hydrology for isolation of high-level radioactive waste, pages F20-F23 Available from Books and Open Files Reports Section,USGS Box 25425, Denver, CO 80225.

Sargent, K.A., and Grose, T.L.T., 1984, Chemical analyses, correlations, and ages of upper Pliocene and Pleistocene ash layers of east-central and southern California, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 1293, 40 p.

Sargent, K.A., and Grose, T.L.T., 1989, Quaternary tectonismStudies of geology and hydrology in the Basin and Range Province, Southwestern United States, for isolation of high-level radioactive waste- -characterization of the Death Valley Region, Nevada and California., US Geological Survey, Studies of geology and hydrology for isolation of high-level radioactive waste, pages F24-F27 Available from Books and Open Files Reports Section,USGS Box 25425, Denver, CO 80225.

Sargent, K.A., McKay, E.J., Burchfiel, B.C.,1970, Geologic map of the Striped Hills quadrangle, Nye County, Nevada, U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle MapGQ-882, map scale 1:24,000.

Sargent, K.A., Stewart, J.H., 1971, Geologic map of the Specter Range NW quadrangle, Nye County, Nevada, U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map GQ-884, map scale 1:24,000.

Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., and Davis, J.O., 1991, Quaternary tephrochronology, in Morrison, R.B., ed., Quaternary nonglacial geology; Conterminous U.S.: Boulder, Colo., Geological Society of America, Geology of North America, v. K-2, p. 93-116.

Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., and Pringle, M.S., Jr., 1992, Laser fusion 40 Ar/ 39 Ar ages of the Tuff of Taylor Canyon and Bishop Tuff, E. California and W. Nevada: EOS [Transactions of the American Geophysical Union], v. 73, no. 43, p. 633.

Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., Bowman, H.R., Meyer, C.E., Russell, P.C., Woodward, M.J., McCoy, G., Rowe, J.J., Jr., Baedecker, P.A., Asaro, F., and Michael, H., 1984, Chemical analyses, correlations, and ages of Upper Pliocene and Pleistocene ash layers of east-central and southern California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1293, 40 p.

Sass, J.H., and Lachenbruch, A.H., 1982, Preliminary interpretation of thermal data from the Nevada Test Site: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 82-973, 30 p.

Sass, J.H., Lachenbruch, A.H., Dudley, W.W., Jr., Priest, S.S., and Munroe, R. J., 1988, Temperature, thermal conductivity, and heat flow near Yucca Mountain, Nevada–Some tectonic and hydrologic implications: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 87-649, 118 p.

Sass, J.H., Lachenbruch, A.H., Galanis, S.P., Jr., et al., 1994, Thermal regime of the southern Basin and Range Province–1, Heat flow data from Arizona and the Mojave Desert of California and Nevada: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 99, p. 22,093-22,119.

Sauber, J., Thatcher, W., and Solomon, S.C., 1986, Geodetic measurements of deformation in the central Mojave desert, California: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 91, p. 12,683-12,693.

Sauber, J., Thatcher, W., Solomon, S.C., and Lisowski, M., 1994, Geodetic slip rate for the eastern California shear zone and the recurrence time of Mojave desert earthquakes: Nature, v. 367, p. 264-266.

Savage, D.E., Downs, T., and Poe, O.J., 1954, Cenozoic land life of southern California, in Jahns, R.H., ed., Geology of southern California, California Department of Natural Resources, Division of Mines Bulletin 170, Chapter III, Contribution 6, p. 43-57.

Savage, J.C., 1994, Global Positioning System profile: Yucca Mountain to Sierra Nevada. (incomplete reference)

Savage, J.C., and Lisowski, M., 1984, Deformation in the White Mountain seismic gap, California-Nevada, 1972-1982: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 89, p. 7671-7687.

Savage, J.C., and Lisowski, M., 1995, Strain accumulation in Owens Valley, California, 1974 to 1988: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 85, p. 151-158.

Savage, J.C., Lisowski, M., and Prescott, W.H., 1990, An apparent shear zone trending north-northwest across the Mojave Desert into Owens Valley, eastern California: Geophysical Research Letters, v. 17, p. 2113-2116.

Savard, C.S., 1990, Evidence for the boundary between Oasis Valley and Alkali-Flat Furnace Creek Ranch ground-water subbasins, Nevada: EOS [Transactions of American Geophysical Union], v. 70, no. 43, p. 1100.

Savard, C.S., 1994, Ground-water recharge in Fortymile Wash near Yucca Mountain, Nevada, 1992-1993, in Proceedings of the Fifth Annual International Conference, High Level Radioactive Waste Management, Las Vegas, Nevada, May 22-26, 1994, v. 4, p. 1805-1813. (incomplete reference)

Savard, C.S., 1995, Selected hydrologic data from Fortymile Wash in the Yucca Mountain area, Nevada, Water Year 1992: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-317. (incomplete reference)

Savard, C.S., 1998, Estimated ground-water recharge from streamflow in Fortymile Wash near Yucca Mountain, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 97-4273, 30 p.

Savard, C.S., and Beck, D.A., 1994, Transmission losses in Fortymile Wash near Yucca Mountain, Nevada [abs.]: EOS [Transactions of American Geophysical Union], v. 75, no. 44, p. 283.

Savard, C.S., and Crompton, E.J., 1993, Hydrologic data for east-central Nevada, Water Years 1982-88: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-153, 25 p., 20 figures, 25 tables.

Savard, C.S., Flint, L.E., Ambos, D.S., and Kane, T.G., 1992, Runoff, infiltration, and recharge near Yucca Mountain, Nevada, 1992: EOS [Transactions of American Geophysical Union], v. 73, no. 43, Supplement, p. 202.

Savina, M., and others, 1984, Independent study papers from the Carleton College Death Valley seminar, winter 1984. (incomplete reference)

Savina, M., and others, 1986, Independent study papers from the Carleton College Death Valley seminar, winter 1986. (incomplete reference)

Savoca, M., Cemen, I., 1989, Uplift of the central Funeral Mountains, Death Valley California–Evidence from a conglomerate exposed east of Texas Spring: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 85th annual meeting and Rocky Mountain Section, 42nd annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 21, no. 3, p. 140.

Savoca, Mark E., 1989, Stratragraphy, depositional envirenments, and structure of Tertiary units in northern part of Furnace Creek Basin, Death Valley, California: Unpublished Masters Thesis, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, 78 p.

Sawyer, D.A., and Sargent, K.A., 1989, Petrologic evolution of divergent peralkaline magmas from the Silent Canyon caldera complex, southwestern Nevada volcanic field: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, no. B5, p. 6021-6040.

Sawyer, D.A., Cole, J.C., Laczniak, R.J., et al., 1991, Hydrogeologic uncertainties in the Nevada Test Site region: Geological Society of America, 1991 annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 23, p.76.

Sawyer, D.A., Fleck, R.J., Lanphere, M.A., Warren, R.G., and Broxton, D.E., 1990, Episodic volcanism in the southwest Nevada volcanic field–New 40 Ar/39 Ar geochronologic results: EOS [Transactions of American Geophysical Union], v. 71, no. 43, p. 1296.

Sawyer, D.A., Fleck, R.J., Lanphere, M.A., Warren, RG., Broxten, D.E., and Hudson, M.R., 1994, Episodic caldera volcanism in the Miocene southwestern Nevada volcanic field: Revised stratigraphic framework, 40 Ar/ 39 Ar geochronology, and implications for magmatism and extension: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 106, no. 10, p. 1304-1318.

Sawyer, D.A., Wahl, R.R., Cole, J.C., Minor, S.A., Laczniak, R.J., Warren, R.G., Engle, C.M., and Vega, R.G., 1995, Preliminary digital geological map database of the Nevada Test Site area, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-567, 43 p, scale 1: 130,000.

Sawyer, T.L. and Reheis, M.C., 1997, Holocene paleoseismicity, segmentation, and seismic potential of the Fish Lake Valley fault zone, Nevada and California: Western States Seismic Hazards Policy, Basin and Range Province Seismic Hazards Summit.

Sawyer, T.L., 1988, Paleoseismicity of the Fish Lake Valley fault zone–A component of the Death Valley fault system, Fish Lake Valley, Nevada, in Gregory, J.L., and Baldwin, E.J., eds., Geology of the Death Valley region: South Coast Geological Society, Annual Field Trip Guidebook No. 16, Santa Ana, California, p. 260-275..

Sawyer, T.L., 1988, Terrace-Forms of Possible Solifluction Origin on Piedmont Slopes of the Western Great Basin, Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 20, no. 7, p. A374.

Sawyer, T.L., 1989, Late Holocene Paleoseismicity of the Northern Death Valley Fault System, Fish Lake Valley, Nevada, in Tectonic Evolution of the Southern Great Basin: Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology, Open-file Report, 16 p.

Sawyer, T.L., 1990, Quaternary geology and neotectonic activity along the Fish Lake Valley fault zone, Nevada and California: University of Nevada, Reno, 379 p., 8 appendices, 10 plates (M.S. thesis).

Sawyer, T.L., 1991, Quaternary faulting and Holocene paleoseismicity of the northern Fish Lake Valley fault zone, Nevada and California, in , Reheis, M.C., Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., Meyer, C.E, McKee, E.H., Slate, J.L., Burbank, D.M., Sawyer, T.L, and Pendell, E.G., contributing eds., Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and tectonics of Fish Lake Valley, Nevada and California–Road log and contributions to the Field Trip Guidebook: 1991 Pacific Cell of Friends of the Pleistocene, U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-290, p. 114-138.

Sawyer, T.L., and Slemmons, D.B., 1988, Chronology of late Holocene paleoseismicity of the northern Death Valley—Furnace Creek fault zone, Fish Lake Valley, California—Nevada: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 20, no. 3, p. 228. N

Sawyer, Thomas L., 1990, Quaternary geology and neotectonic activity along the Fish Lake Valley fault zone, Nevada and California: Reno, University of Nevada, M.S. thesis, 379 p., 6 pls., 49 figs. N

Sawyer. T.L., Klinger, R.E., dePolo, C.M., and Reheis, M.C., 1996, Death Valley fault system: significant ground motion sources for southern Nevada: Seismic Hazards in the Las Vegas region, University of Nevada Las Vegas, Program with abstracts, p. 36-37.

Saylor, B.Z. and Hodges, K.V., 1991, The Titus Canyon Formation: Evidence for Early Oligocene extension in the Death Valley area, CA: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 23, p. A82. S,C

Schaber, G.G., 1978. Lunar radar studies. U. S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 297, U. S. Geological Survey. Reston, VA. (I)

Schaber, G.G., and Berlin, G.L., 1993. Death Valley, California: Surface micro-relief statistics and radar scatterometer data. Open-File Report - U. S. Geological Survey, Restron, VA. (I)

Schaber, G.G., Berlin, G.L., and Brown, Jr., W.E., 1976, Variations in surface roughness within Death Valley, California–Geologic evaluation of 25-cm-wavelength radar images: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 87, p. 29-41.

Schaber, G.G., Berlin, G.L., and Brown, W.E., 1975, Interagency report: astrogeology 65; variations in surface roughness within Death Valley, California: geologic evaluation of 25- cm wavelength radar images PU Geological Society of America, 35 pp. photos; ill.; graphs; maps; tabs.

Schaber, G.G., Berlin, G.L., and Brown, W.E., Jr., 1976, Variations in surface roughness within Death Valley, California: geologic evaluation of 25-cm wavelength radar images: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 87, p. 29-41.

Schaber, G.G., Berlin, G.L., and Pitrone, D.J., 1976, Selection of remote sensing techniques; surface roughness information from 3 cm wavelength SLAR images.Am. Soc. Photogramm., Annu. Meet., Proc. (incomplete reference)

Schaber, G.G., Berlin, G.L., and Pitrone, D.J., 1993, Death Valley, California: surface micro-relief statistics and radar scatterometer data, 232 pages.

Schaefer, D.H., 1993, Documentation of model input and output values for simulation of regional ground-water flow, carbonate-rock province, Nevada, Utah and adjacent states: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-420 (supplement to Open-File Report 93-170), 4 p., domputer disc.

Schaefer, D.H., and Harrill, J.R., 1995, Simulated effects of proposed ground-water pumping in 17 basins of east-central and southern Nevada: US Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 95-4173, 46 p.

Schaefer, D.H., Morris, T.M., and Dettinger, M.D., 1992, Hydrogeologic and geophysical data for selected wells and springs in the Sheep Range area, Clark and Lincoln Counties, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-586, 15 p.

Schaller, W.T., 1916, Inyoite and Meyerhofferite, two new calcium borates: United States Geological Survey Bulletin, v. 610, p. 35-55.

Schaller, W.T., Vlisidis, A.C., and Mrose, M.E., 1965, Macallisterite, 2MgO-6B2O3-15H20, a new hydrous magnesium borate mineral from the Death Valley region, Inyo County, California: The American Mineralogist, v. 50, p. 629-640.

Scharer, K.M., 1993, Geologic mapping index to the Death Valley National Monument area, California and Nevada, 51 pages.

Scharer, Katherine Maxine, 1996, A revised method for determining the fractal dimension of particle sizes in fault gouge: performed on samples collected from the Mormon Point and Badwater turtlebacks, Death Valley National Park, California, Unpublished Senior thesis, Geological Sciences, University of Washington, 22 p., 2 appendix.

Schieldge, J.P., Kahle, A.B., Abrams, M.J., Alley, R.E., and Levine, C.J., 1981. The use of thermal inertia images derived from HCMM data for geologic studies. Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 62, p. 315. (I)

Schilling, S.P., 1994, Geology of the lower Beatty Wash area, Nye County, Nevada: Golden Colorado, Colorado School of Mines, M. S. thesis. (incomplete reference)

Schlamp, J., 1964, Chemistry and movement of ground water, Nevada Test Site [preliminary], United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Reports TEI-838, 75 p.

Schlamp, J., 1968, Sodium as a clue to ground-water movement, Nevada Test Site, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 600-D, Extent unknown . (incomplete reference)

Schlamp, J., 1986, Plant-soil relationships on an alluvial fan in Chicago Valley, California, 30 pp. tabs.; graphs; ill.; maps. (incomplete reference)

Schmalz, R.F., 1968, Formation of red beds in modern and ancient deserts–Discussion: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 79, p. 277-280.

Schmidlin, T.W., Peterson, F.F. and Gifford, R.O., 1983, Soil Temperature Regimes in Nevada: Soil Science Society of America Journal, v. 47, no. 5, p. 977-982.

Schmidt, M.R., 1988, Classification of upland soils by geomorphic and physical properties affecting infiltartion at Yucca Mountain: Unpublished Masters thesis, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, Colorado, 116 p.

Schneider, J.S., Warren, C.N., Antanaitis, I., et al., 1994, The archaeology of northern Death Valley alluvial fans near Mesquite Spring: Abstracts from proceedings of the 1994 Desert Research Symposium, v. 41, p. 28. (incomplete reference)

Schoff, S.L., and Moore, J.E., 1964 or 1968, Chemistry and movement of ground water, Nevada Test Site: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report TEI-838, 74 p. (incomplete reference)

Schoff, S.L., and Moore, J.E., 1968, Sodium as a clue to ground-water movement, Nevada Test Site: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 600-D, p. D30-D33.

Scholz, C.H., Barazangi, M. and Sbar, M.L., 1971, Late Cenozoic Evolution of the Great Basin, Western United States, as an Ensialic Interarc Basin: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 82, p. 2979-2990.

Schorn, H.E., 1994, Floristic and vegetation changes in west-central Nevada during the later Neogene, an empirical overview: Geological Society of America, 1994 annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, p. 521.

Schorn, H.E., and Nichols, D.J., 1984, Palynology of the late middle Miocene sequence, Stewart Valley, Mineral County, Nevada: Proceedings of the 16th annual meeting of the American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists, v. 8, p. 259-260.

Schorn, H.E., Scudder, H.I., Savage, D.E., et al., 1989, General stratigraphy and paleontology of the Miocene continental sequence in Stewart Valley, Mineral County, Nevada, U.S.A.: Proceeding of International symposium on Pacific Neogene continental and marine events, p. 157-173. (incomplete reference)

Schroth, B.K., 1987, Water chemistry reconnaissance and geochemical modeling in the Meadow Valley Wash area, southern Nevada: Unpublished Master’s thesis, University of Nevada at Reno, 97 p.

Schumm, Stanley A., 1956, The movement of rocks by wind: Journal of Sedimentary Petrology, v. 26, no. 3, p. 284-286.

Schuraytz, B.C., Vogel, T.A., and Younker, L.W., 1989, Evidence of dynamic withdrawal from a layered magma body–the Tonopah Spring Tuff, southwestern Nevada: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, no. 5B, p. 5925-5942.

Schweickert, R.A., 1981, Tectonic Evolution of the Sierra Nevada Range, in Ernst, W. G., ed., The Geotectonic Evolution of California: Ruby Volume I, Prentice-Hall, p. 87-130.

Schweickert, R.A., and Lahren, M.M., 1994, Amargosa fault system near Yucca Mountain, Nevada: Geological Society of America, 1994 annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, p. 250.

Schweickert, R.A., and Lahren, M.M., 1997, Strike-slip fault system in Amargosa Valley and Yucca Mountain, Nevada: Tectonophysics, v. 272, p. 25-41.

Schweickert, R.A., Caskey, S.J., Zoback, M.L., et al., 1990, Pre-middle Miocene extensional history of the Nevada Test Site (NTS) region, southern Nevada: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 86th annual meeting, 22, 81.

Schweickert, R.A., Dymek, R.F. and Shelton, K.L., 1989, Evidence for a concealed dextral strike-slip fault beneath Crater Flat, Nevada: Geological Society of America, 1989 annual meeting, 21, A90.

Schweickert, R.A.,, Lahren, M.M. and Caskey, S.J., 1988, Major Triassic Thrust Belt in Eastern Sierra Nevada (ESN) and White-Inyo Mountains (WIM) [abst.]: A New Hypothesis: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 20, p. A273.

Schweig, E.S., III, 1982, Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and tectonics of the Darwin plateau, Inyo County, California: (incomplete reference)

Schweig, E.S., III, 1985, Neogene tectonics and paleogeography of the southwestern Great Basin, California: (incomplete reference)

Schweig, E.S., III, 1986, The inception of Basin and Range tectonics in the region between Death Valley and the Sierra Nevada, California: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 82nd annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 18, p. 181-182.

Schweig, E.S., III, 1989, Basin—Range tectonics in Darwin Plateau, southwestern Great Basin, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, no. 5, p. 652-662. T

Scott, B.R., Smales, T.J., Rush, F. E., and Van Denburgh, A. S., 1971, Water for Nevada/ Nevada’s water resources: Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Division of Water Resources, Oct 3, 1971, 87 p.

Scott, Kevin M., 1960, Geology of the Waucoba Springs area, Inyo Mountains, California: Unbublished Masters Thesis, University of California at Los Angeles. (incomplete reference)

Scott, R.B., 1992, Preliminary Geologic Map of Southern Yucca Mountain, Nye County, Nevada, USGS Open File Report 92-266.

Scott, R.B., and Bonk, J., 1984, Preliminary geologic map of Yucca Mountain, Nye County, Nevada, with geologic sections: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-494, 9 p., map scale 1:12,000.

Scott, R.B., and Castellanos, M., 1984, Stratigraphic and structural relations of volcanic rocks in drill holes USW GU-3 and USW G-3, Yucca Mountain, Nye County, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 84-491, 121 p.

Scott, R.B., Spengler, R.W., Diehl, S.F., Lappin, A.R., and Chornack, M.P., 1983, Geologic character of tuffs in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain, southern Nevada, in Mercer, James, ed., The role of the unsaturated zone in radioactive and hazardous waste disposal: Ann Arbor Science, Ann Arbor, Michigan, p. 289-335.

Scott, R.K., and Wright, L.A., 1988, Thrust-fault related monolithologic breccias and cyclic playa-like deposits in the Miocene China Ranch basin, Death Valley region, California [Abstract]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts With Programs, v. 20, no. 3, p. 229.

Scott, R.K., Wright, L.A., and Drake, R.E., 1988, Thrust fault-related monolithologic breccias and cyclic playa-lake deposits in the Miocene China Ranch Basin, Death Valley Region, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 20, p. 229.

Screaton, L., 1984, Faulting in a section of Mosaic Canyon, Death Valley, California, 9 pp. ill.; graphs; maps. (incomplete reference)

Scrivner, P.J., and Bottjer, D.J., 1986, Neogene avian and mammalian tracts from Death Valley National Monument, California–Their context, classification and preservation: Palaeogeography, Plaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 57, p. 285-331.

Scrivner, Paul Joseph, 1984, Stratigraphy, sedimentology and vertebrate ichnology of the Copper Canyon Formation (Neogene), Death Valley National Monument, Los Angeles, CA, University of Southern California. (incomplete reference)

Scuderi, L.A., 1987, Late-Holocene Upper Timberline Variation in the Southern Sierra Nevada: Nature, v. 325, p. 242-244.

Sears, D.H., 1953, Origin of Amargosa chaos, Virgin Spring area, Death Valley, California: Journal of Geology, v. 61, no. 2, p. 182-186.

Sears, D.H., 1955, Geology of central Panamint Range (California): Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, v. 39, no. 1, p. 140.

Secor, D.T., Jr., 1963, Geologly of the central Spring Mountains, Nevada: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, Stanford, California, 152 p.

Seiple, E., 1984, Fossils and formations of the lower Cambrian type Waucoban section, Inyo County, California: California Geology, v. 37, no. 7, p. 149-153.

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Smith G.I., 1984, Paleohydrologic regimes in the southwestern Great Basin, 0-3.2 m.y. ago, compared with other long records of "global" climate: Quaternary Research, v. 22, p. 1-17.

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Smith, D.D., Grossman, R.F., Corkern, W.D., Thome, D.J., Patzer, R.G., and Hopper, J.L., 1981, Offsite environmental monitoring report/radiation monitoring around United States nuclear test areas, calendar year 1980: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development, Environmental Monitoring Systems Laboratory, June, 1981, EPA-600/4-81-047, 101 p.

Smith, D.S., 1984, Geology of a portion of the Resting Spring Range, Inyo County, California, 15 pp. maps; photos; ill.; graphs. (incomplete reference)

Smith, E.D., and Mann, J.F., 1962, Death Valley Hotel Company, Ltd. water report: Unpublished report by Death Valley Hotel Company, April 23, 1962, 11 p.

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Smith, G.I., and Street-Perrott, F.A., 1983, Pluvial Lakes in the Western United States, in H.E. Wright and S.C. Porter, eds. v. 1, Late Quaternary Environments of the United States: University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, p 190-214.

Smith, G.I., 1962, Evidence for large lateral displacement on the Garlock fault as measured from offset dike swarm: Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, v. 46,

Smith, G.I., 1962, Large lateral displacement on Garlock Fault, California, as measured from offset dike swarm: Bulletin of the American Association of Petroleum Geologists, v. 46, no. 1, p. 85-104.

Smith, G.I., 1962, Subsurface stratigraphy of Late Quaternary deposits, Searles Lake, California: a summaryUnited States Geological Survey Professional Paper 450-C, United States Geological Survey, Extent unknown .

Smith, G.I., 1963, Possible large left-lateral displacement on the Garlock fault [Abstract]: Pacific Petroleum Geologist, v. 17, no. 2, p. 2.

Smith, G.I., 1964, Character and distribution of nonclastic minerals in the Searles Lake evaporite deposit, California, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Bulletin 1181-P, 58 p.

Smith, G.I., 1966, Geology of Searles Lake–Guide to prospecting for buried continental salines, in Rau, J.L., ed., Symposium on Salt: Northern Ohio Geological Society, Cleveland, Ohio, p. 167-180.

Smith, G.I., 1968, Geologic reconnaissance of the Slate Range, San Bernardino and Inyo counties, California, California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 96, 33 p.

Smith, G.I., 1968, Late Quaternary geologic and climatic history of Searles Lake, southeastern California, in Morrison, R. B., and Wright, H. E., Jr., Editors, Means of correlation of Quaternary successions: Salt Lake City, UT, University of Utah Press, p. p. 293-310 [or p. 193-310].

Smith, G.I., 1973, Subsurface stratigraphy and composition of saline bodies, Searles Lake, California: a preliminary report, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Open-file report, 122 p.

Smith, G.I., 1976, Origin of lithium and other components in the Searles Lake evaporites, California, in Vine, James D., Editor, Lithium resources and requirements by the year 2000, Golden CO, January 22 1976-January 24 1976, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 1005, p. p. 92-103.

Smith, G.I., 1976, Paleoclimatic record in the Late Quaternary sediments of Searles Lake, California, U.S.A., in Horie, S., Editor, International symposium on global-scale paleolimnology and paleoclimate. (incomplete reference)

Smith, G.I., 1979, Subsurface stratigraphy and geochemistry of late Quaternary evaporites, Searles Lake, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1043, 130 p.

Smith, G.I., 1983, Core KM-3, a surface to bedrock record of Late Cenozoic sedimentation in Searles Valley, California, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 1256, 24 p.

Smith, G.I., 1984, Paleohyrologic regimes in the southwestern Great Basin, 0-3.2 my ago, compared with other long records of "Global" climate: Quaternary Research, v. 22, p. 1-17.

Smith, G.I., 1985, Borate deposits in the United States–Dissimilar in form, similar in geologic setting, in Barker, J.M., and Lefond, S.J., eds., Borates–Economic geology and production: American Institute of Minerologists, Metals and Petroleum Engineers, New York, p. 37-51.

Smith, G.I., 1991, Stratigraphy and Chronology of Quaternary-age Lacustrine Deposits, in Morrison, R.B., ed., Quaternary Nonglacial Geology: Conterminous U. S.: The Geology of North America, K-2, Geological Society of America , p 339-346.

Smith, G.I., and Bischoff, J.L., 1993, Core OL-92 from Owens Lake, southeast California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-683, 397 p. (incomplete reference)

Smith, G.I., and Church, J.P., 1980, Twentieth century crustal deformation in the Garlock Fault - Slate Range area, southeastern California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 91, no. 9, p. Location unknown.

Smith, G.I., and Ellis, R.C., 1953, Reconnaissance geologic map of parts of the Goldstone Lake, Quail Mountains, Leach Lake, Red Pass Lake and Tiefort Mountains quadrangles, California: U.S. Geological Survey, unpublished mapping, scale 1:62, 500.

Smith, G.I., and Friedman, I., 1975, Chemical sedimentation and diagenesis of Pleistocene evaporites in Searles Lake, California, U.S.A., in Theme 2 - Les divers aspects geochimiques de la sedimentation continentale, Nice, France, p. p. 137-140.

Smith, G.I., and Ketner, K.B., 1957, Core holes of China, Searles, and Panamint Lake basins, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Water Supply Paper 578, Extent unknown .

Smith, G.I., and Ketner, K.B., 1970, Lateral displacement on the Garlock Fault, southeastern California, suggested by offset sections of similar metamorphic rocks: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 700-D, p. 1-9.

Smith, G.I., and others, 1970, Salt crystallization temperatures in Searles Lake, California: Mineralogical Society of America Special Paper, v. 3, p. 257-259.

Smith, G.I., and Pratt, W.P., 1957, Core logs from Owens, China, Searles, and Panamint basins, California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1045-A, 62 p., 1 pl. Q

Smith, G.I., and Reynolds, J., 1990, Runoff changes in the southwestern Basin-and-Range Province and the Mojave Desert–150,000 years ago to the present: (incomplete reference)

Smith, G.I., Barczak, V.J., Moulton, G.F., and Liddicoat, J.C., 1983, Core KM-3, a surface-to-bedrock record of late Cenozoic sedimentation in Searles Valley, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1256, 24 p.

Smith, G.I., Bischoff, J.L., Bradbury, J.P., et al., 1997, Synthesis of the paleoclimatic record from Owens Lake core OL-92–An 800,000-year paleoclimatic record from core OL-92, Owens Lake, Southeast California: Geological Society of America Special Paper 317, p. 143-160.

Smith, G.I., Bischoff, J.L., Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., et al., 1994, A 800,000 yr paleoclimatic record from Owens Lake, California, preliminary report: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 90th annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, p. 93-94.

Smith, G.I., Troxel, B.W., Gray, C.H., and von Huene, R., 1968, Geologic reconnaissance of the Slate Range, San Bernardilno and Inyo Counties, California: California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report 96, 32 p., scale 1:62,500.

Smith, J.L., 1997, Delineation of areas with similar evapotranspiration rates using Landsat-based vegetation cover, Ash Meadows, Nevada [abs.]: Seventh Annual Nevada State GIS Conference, Reno, January 1997, Final Program, p. 43.

Smith, M.O., Ustin, S.L., Adams, J.B., and Gillespie, A.R., 1990. Vegetation in deserts: I. A regional measure of abundance from multispectral images. Remote Sens. Environ . v. 31, p. 1-26. (I)

Smith, N., and Digert, F., 1955, Tertiary stratigraphic sections in Death Valley National Monument, California. (incomplete reference)

Smith, N., and Digert, F.E., 1955, Tertiary stratigraphy in Death Valley National Monument. (incomplete reference)

Smith, P.R., Jr, and Walters, R.A., 1980, Production of Colemanite at American Borate Corporation’s plant near Lathrop Wells, Nevada: Mining Engineering, February 1980, p. 199-204.

Smith, R.B. and Lindh, A.G., 1978, Fault-plane Solutions of the Western United States: A Compilation: Geological Society of America, Memoir 152, p. 107-109.

Smith, R.L., 1960, Ash flows: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 71, p. 795-842.

Smith, R.M., 1972, Final field report, Del Norte Project, Death Valley, Inyo County, California. (incomplete reference)

Smith, R.M., 1977, Map showing mineral exploration potential in the Death Valley Quadrangle, California and Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-873, 1 Sheet, scale 1:250,000.

Smith, R.S.U., 197?, Guidebook to the Quaternary tectonics of Panamint Valley, California. (incomplete reference)

Smith, R.S.U., 1972, Tentative correlation of pluvial events in Panamint Valley, California, with Sierra Nevada Pleistocene glaciations [Abstract]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts With Programs, v. 4, no. 7, p. 671-672.

Smith, R.S.U., 1973, Tectonic deformation of pluvial-lake terraces along the Panamint Valley fault zone, eastern California [Abstract]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts With Programs, v. 5, no. 1, p. 108-109.

Smith, R.S.U., 1974, Guidebook to the Quaternary tectonics of Panamint Valley, California, 10 pp. maps; photos; ill. (incomplete reference)

Smith, R.S.U., 1974, Quaternary thrust movement on a boundary fault at the north end of Panamint Valley, western Basin-and-Range province, California [Abstract]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts With Programs, v. 6, no. 3, p. 256-257.

Smith, R.S.U., 1975, Guide to selected examples of Quaternary tectonism in Panamint Valley, California: California Geology, v. 28, no. 5, p. 112-115. N

Smith, R.S.U., 1976, Late Quaternary pluvial and tectonic history of Panamint Valley, Inyo and San Bernardino Counties, California: Pasadena, California Institute of Technology, Ph.D. dissertation, 300 p., 122 figs. Q

Smith, R.S.U., 1978, Pluvial history of Panamint Valley: a guidebook for "The Friends of the Pleistocene, Pacific Cell": Houston TX, Geology Department, University of Houston, 36 p.

Smith, R.S.U., 1979, Holocene offset and seismicity along the Panamint Valley fault zone, western Basin and Range province, California: Tectonophysics, v. 52, p. 411-415. N

Smith, R.S.U., Whitten, C.A., Green, R., et al., 1979, Holocene offset and seismicity along the Panamint Valley fault zone, western Basin-and-Range Province, California: Recent crustal movements, 1977: 6th International Symposium on Recent crustal movements, v. 52, p. 411-415.

Smith, S., 1954, Preliminary summary of borate reserves in the Death Valley area, United States Geologic Survey, United States Geological Survey Administrative Report, 20+ pages.

Smith, S., 1973, Physiographic aspects of Saline Valley. (incomplete reference)

Smith, W.C., 1954, Preliminary summary of borate reserves in the Death Valley area: U.S. Geology Survey Administrative Report, 15 p.

Smith, W.C., 1959, Alluvium & mineral deposits, Death Valley region, California: 1 sheet. (incomplete reference)

Smith, W.C., 1960, Borax and borates, in Gillson, Joseph l., et al., Industrial Minerals and Rocks: The American Institute of Mining, Metallurgical and Petroleum Engineering, p. 103-118.

Smoot, J.P., and Castens-Seidell, B., 1994, Sedimentary features produced by efflorescent salt crusts, Saline Valley and Death Valley, California, in Renaut, R.W., and Last, W.M., eds., Sedimentology and geochenistry of modern and ancient saline lakes: SEPM Special Publication 50, p. 73-90.

Smoot, J.P., and Lowenstein, T.K., 1991, Depositional environments of non-marine evaporites, in Melvin, J.L., ed., Evaporties, petroleum and mineral resources: Develoments in Sedimentology, v.50, p. 189-347.

Snow, J.K. and White, C., 1990, Listric normal faulting and synorogenic sedimentation, northern Cottonwood Mountains, Death Valley region, California, in Wernicke, B. P., ed., Basin and Range extensional tectonics near the latitude of Las Vegas, Nevada: Boulder, Colorado, Geological Society of America Memoir 176, p. 413-445. T

Snow, J.K., ? Neogene dextral translation of the Cottonwood Mountains area, California, in Wernicke, Brian P., Snow, J. Kent, Axen, Gary J., and others, Leaders, Extensional tectonics in the Basin and Range Province between the southern Sierra Nevada and the Colorado Plateau: Washington D.C, American Geophysical Union, p. p. 56-66, 80 p. (incomplete reference)

Snow, J.K., 1989, Discordant trends of Mesozoic structures and Silurian stratigraphy in the Death Valley-Las Vegas area: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 85th annual meeting and Rocky Mountain Section, 42nd annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 21, p. 146-147.

Snow, J.K., 1990, Cordilleran orogenesis, extensional tectonics and geology of the Cottonwood Mountain area, Death Valley region, California and Nevada: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Harvard University, Boston, Mass, 210 p, scale 1:24,000. (M,S,C)

Snow, J.K., 1992, Discussion of "Paleogeographic and structural significance of an Upper Mississippian facies boundary, southern Nevada and east-central California" by C.H. Stevens and others: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 104, p. 1067-1071. (S,T)

Snow, J.K., 1992, Large-magnitude Permian shortening and continental-margin tectonics in the southern Cordillera: Geological Society of America, v. 104, p. 80-105. (S,T)

Snow, J.K., 1994, Mass balance of Basin and Range extension as a tool for geothermal exploration: Geothermal Resources Council Transactions, v. 18, p. 23-30.

Snow, J.K., and Lux, D.R., in press, 1999, Tectono-sequence stratigraphy of Tertiary rocks in the Cottonwood Mounains and northern Death Valley area, in Wright, L. A., and Troxel, B. W., eds., Cenozoic basins of the Death Valley region: Geological Society of America Special Paper 333. (S,T)

Snow, J.K., and Lux, D.R., 1990, A Permian age for the Last Chance thrust, CA and NV? [Abstract (?)]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts With Programs, v. 22, no. 3, p. (in press). (incomplete reference)

Snow, J.K., and Prave, A.R., 1994, Covariance of structural and stratigraphic trends, Evidence for anticlockwise rotation within the Walker Lane belt, Death Valley region, California and Nevada: Tectonics, v. 13, p. 712-724. (S,T)

Snow, J.K., and Wernicke, B.P, 1988, Mesozoic backfold in the Death Valley extended terrane: new constraints on offset of the northern Death Valley-Furnace Creek fault zone, California and Nevada: Geological Society of America Abstracts With Programs, v. 20, no. 7, p. A272. (T)

Snow, J.K., and Wernicke, B.P, 1989, Mesozoic backfold in the Death Valley extended terrain: new constraints on offset of the northern Death Valley-Furnace Creek fault Zone, California and Nevada: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 1351-1362.

Snow, J.K., and Wernicke, B.P., 1989, Uniqueness of geological correlations–An example from the Death Valley extended terrain: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 101, p. 1351-1362. (T)

Snow, J.K., and Wernicke, B.P., 1993, Reply to discussion by P. Stone, and C.H. Stevens (1992) on Large-magnitude Permian shortening and continental-margin tectonics in the southern Cordillera: Geological Society of America Bulletin v. 105, no. 2, p. 279-283.

Snow, J.K., and Wernicke, B.P., 1999, Cenozoic tectonism in the central Basin and Range: Magnitude, rate and distribution of upper crustal strain: American Journal of Science, v. 298 (in press). (T)

Snow, J.K., and White, C., 1988, Listric normal faulting and syn-tectonic sedimentation, northern Cottonwood Mountains, Death Valley, California: Geological Society of America Abstracts With Programs, v. 20, p. 233-234.

Snow, J.K., and White, C., 1990, Listric normal faulting and synorogenic sedimentation, northern Cottonwood Mountains, Death Valley region, California, in Wernicke, B.P, ed., Basin and Range extensional tectonics near the latitude of Las Vegas, Nevada, Geological Society of America, Geological Society of America Memoir 176, 511 pages. ST

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Troxel, B.W., 1976, Geologic features of Death Valley: California Geology, v. 29, p.182-183.

Troxel, B.W., 1977, Arcuate faults and grabens in Death Valley, California: California Division of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines and Geology, CG 30, no. 1, 1 sheet 1:12,000.

Troxel, B.W., 1982, Basin facies (Ibex Formation) of the Noonday Dolomite, southern Saddle Peak Hills, southern Death Valley, California, in Cooper, J. D., Troxel, B. W., and Wright, L. A., Editors, Geology of selected areas in the San Bernardino Mountains, Western Mojave Desert, and southern Great Basin, California: Volume and guidebook for field trip no. 9, 78th Anniversary Meeting of Cordilleran Section, Geological Society of America, Death Valley Publishing Company, p. 43-46.

Troxel, B.W., 1982, Description of the uppermost part of the Kingston Peak Formation, Amargosa Rim Canyon, Death Valley region, California, in Cooper, John D., Troxel, Bennie W., and Wright, Lauren A., Editors, Geology of selected areas in the San Bernardino Mountains, western Mojave Desert, and southern Great Basin, California: Shoshone CA, The Death Valley Publ. Co., p. p. 61-70, Extent unknown.

Troxel, B.W., 1986, Geologic map of the west-central part of the Avawatz Pass 15-minute quadrangle, Death Valley region, California. Shown on the geologic map that accompanies Brady (1986), scale 1:24,000.

Troxel, B.W., 1986, Pleistocene and Holocene deformation on a segment of the southern Death Valley fault zone, California (p. 13-16), in Troxel, B.W., ed., Quaternary tectonics of southern Death Valley, California–Field trip guide, October 31 and November 1 and 2, 1986: Pacific Cell, Friends of the Pleistocene, published by B.W. Troxel, PO Box 127, Shoshone, CA 92384.. N

Troxel, B.W., 1986, Significance of Quaternary fault pattern, west side of the Mormon Point Turtleback, southern Death Valley, California–A model of listric normal faults (p. 37-40), in Troxel, B.W., ed., Quaternary tectonics of southern Death Valley, California–Field trip guide, October 31 and November 1 and 2, 1986: Pacific Cell, Friends of the Pleistocene, published by B.W. Troxel, PO Box 127, Shoshone, CA 92384.. N

Troxel, B.W., 1988, A geologic traverse of the northern Funeral Mountains, Death Valley, California, in Weide, D.L., and Faber, D.L., eds., This extended land, Geological journeys in the southern Basin and Range, Geological Society of America Cordilleran Section Field Trip Guide: University of Nevada at Las Vegas Geosciences Department Special Publication 2, p. 45-49. T,S

Troxel, B.W., 1988, Man-made diversion of Furnace Creek Wash, Zabriskie Point, Death Valley, California, in Gregory, Jennifer L., and Baldwin, E. Joan, Editors, Geology of the Death Valley region, South Coast Geological Society, Inc., p. 156-160, 429 p.

Troxel, B.W., 1988, Significance of Quaternary fault pattern, west side of the Mormon Point turtleback, southern Death Valley, California; a model of listric normal faultsGregory, Jennifer L., and Baldwin, E. Joan, Editors, Geology of the Death Valley region, South Coast Geological Society, Inc., p. p. 240-242, 429 p.

Troxel, B.W., and Butler, P.R., 1979, Geology of the northeastern Avawatz Mountains, San Bernardino County, California, United States Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigation. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., and Butler, P.R., 1979, Tertiary and Quaternary fault history of the intersection of the Garlock and Death Valley fault zones, southern Death Valley, California. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., and Butler, P.R., 1979, Time relations between faulting, volcanism, and fan development, south-central Death Valley, California. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., and Butler, P.R., 1986, Multiple Quaternary deformation, central part of the Confidence Hills, Death Valley, California–An example of folding along a strike—slip fault zone (p. 25-28), in Troxel, B.W., ed., Quaternary tectonics of southern Death Valley, California–Field trip guide, October 31 and November 1 and 2, 1986: Pacific Cell, Friends of the Pleistocene, published by B.W. Troxel, PO Box 127, Shoshone, CA 92384. N

Troxel, B.W., and Butler, P.R., 1986a, Time relations between Quaternary faulting, volcanism and fan development, southern Death Valley, California, in Troxel, B. W., ed., Quaternary tectonics of southern Death Valley, California: Field guide 1986 annual meeting and field trip of the Friends of the Pleistocene, Pacific Cell, October 31, and November 1-2p. 31-35.

Troxel, B.W., and Butler, P.R., 1998, Tertiary and Quaternary history of the intersection of the Garlock and Death Valley fault zones, in Calzia, J. P., and Reynolds, R. E., eds., Finding faults in the Mojave, The 1998 Desert research symposium field trip guide and volume, San Bernardino County Museum Association, p. 91-98, scale of accompanying map 1:24,000.

Troxel, B.W., and Gray, C.H., 1961, Reconnaissance geologic map of parts of the Wingate Pass, Manly Peak, and Quail Mountains 15-minute quadrangles: California Division of Mines and Geology, unpublished, scale 1:62,500.

Troxel, B.W., and Heydari, E, 1983, Basin and Range geology in a roadcut, in Stellar, D. L., Editor, Death Valley region field guide, Nat. Assoc. Geol. Teachers, Far Western Sec., Nat. Assoc. Geol. Teachers, Far Western Sec. Ann. Mtg., p. 42-45, Extent unknown. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., and Heydari, E., 1982, Basin and Range geology in a roadcut, in Cooper, John D., Troxel, Bennie W., and Wright, Lauren A., Editors, Geology of selected areas in the San Bernardino Mountains, Western Mojave Desert, and southern Great Basin, California: Volume and guidebook for field trip no. 9, 78th Anniversary Meeting of Cordilleran Section, Geological Society of America: Shoshone CA 92384, Death Valley Publishing Company, p. 91-96, 202 p.

Troxel, B.W., and Wright, Lauren A., 1976, Geologic features, Death Valley, California: California Division of Mines and Geology, Special Report 106, 72 p.

Troxel, B.W., and Wright, L.A., 1968, Precambrian stratigraphy of the Funeral Mountains, Death Valley, California [Abstract]Geological Society of America, Geological Society of America Program, Cordilleran Section, Geological Society of America, p. 125-126.

Troxel, B.W., and Wright, L.A., 1969, Precambrian stratigraphy of the Funeral Mountains, Death Valley, California: Geological Society of America Special Paper, p. 574-575. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., and Wright, L.A., 1974, Tertiary extensional features, Death Valley region, eastern California: Geological Society of America Centiennel Field Guide, v. 1, p. 121-132.

Troxel, B.W., and Wright, L.A., 1976, Geologic Features Death Valley, California: California Division of Mines and Geology, Special Report 106, 33 p.

Troxel, B.W., and Wright, L.A., 1983, Death Valley Region Field Guide: Cypress College, Cypress, CA. (N,Q,S,T) (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., and Wright, L.A., 1987, Tertiary extensional features, Death Valley region, eastern California, in Hill, M.L., ed., Decade of North America geology, Centennial Field Guide: v. 1, p. 121-132.

Troxel, B.W., and Wright, L.A., 1989, Geologic map of the central and northern Funeral Mountains and adjacent areas, Death Valley region, southern California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-348, scale 1:48,000, with text, 7 p.

Troxel, B.W., Cooper, J.D., Albright, G., et al., 1989, Geologic road guide, Day 1, Segment 1, Baker to southern Death Valley–Cavalcade of carbonates: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Field Trip Guidebook-Pacific Section, v. 61, p. 6-10.

Troxel, B.W., Cooper, J.D., Albright, G., et al., 1989, Geologic road guide, Day 2, Segment 3, Shoshone to eastern Funeral Range–Cavalcade of carbonates: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Field Trip Guidebook-Pacific Section, v. 61, p. 32-36.

Troxel, B.W., Cooper, J.D., Cooper, J.D., et al., 1982, Geologic road guide, Day 3, Segment B, Shoshone to northern Nopah Range–Geology of selected areas in the San Bernardino Mountains, western Mojave Desert, and southern Great Basin, California, p. 89-90. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., Cooper, J.D., Cooper, J.D., et al., 1989, Geologic road guide, Day 1, Segment 2, Wade Monument to Nopah Range–Cavalcade of carbonates: Society of Economic Paleontologists and Mineralogists, Field Trip Guidebook-Pacific Section, v. 61, p. 14-20.

Troxel, B.W., Cooper, J.D., Troxel, B.W., et al., 1982, Description of the uppermost part of the Kingston Peak Formation, Amargosa Rim Canyon, Death Valley region, California–Geology of selected areas in the San Bernardino Mountains, western Mojave Desert, and southern Great Basin, California, p. 61-70. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., Cooper, J.D., Troxel, B.W., et al., 1982, Geologic road guide, Day 3, Segment A, Shoshone to Death Valley–Geology of selected areas in the San Bernardino Mountains, western Mojave Desert, and southern Great Basin, California, p. 71-76. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., Cooper, J.D., Troxel, B.W., et al., 1982, Geologic road guide, Day 3, Segment C, Shoshone to Interstate 15 via Kingston Range–Geology of selected areas in the San Bernardino Mountains, western Mojave Desert, and southern Great Basin, California, p. 137-140. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., Date unknown, Arcuate faults and grabens in Death Valley, California. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., Geologic map of the Old Ibex Pass quadrangle, California-San Bernardino County, 7.5 Minute Series unpublished, scale approximately 1:24,000.

Troxel, B.W., Heydari, E., Cooper, J.D., et al., 1982, Basin and Range geology in a roadcut: Geology of selected areas in the San Bernardino Mountains, western Mojave Desert, and southern Great Basin, California, p. 91-96. (incomplete reference)

Troxel, B.W., Jahns, R.H., and Butler, P.R., 1979, Quaternary and Tertiary history of offsets along the easternmost segment of the Garlock fault zone [Abstract]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts With Programs, v. 11, no. 3, p. 132.

Troxel, B.W., McMackin, M.A., and Calzia, J.P., 1976, Geologic features, Death Valley, California, California Division of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines and Geology Special Report No. 106, 72 p.

Troxel, B.W., McMackin, M.A., and Calzia, J.P., 1987, Comment on "Late Precambrian tectonism in the Kingston Range, southern California": Geology, v. 15, p. 274-275.

Troxel, B.W., Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., and Meyer, C.E., 1986, Ages, correlations, and sources of three ash beds in deformed Pleistocene beds, Confidence Hills, Death Valley, California, in Troxel, B. W., ed., Quaternary tectonics of southern Death Valley, Cailfornia: Field guide, 1986 annual meeting and field trip of the Friends of the Pleistocene, Pacific Cell, Shoshone, CA, p. 29-33.

Troxel, B.W., unpublished, Geologic map of the Confidence Hills area, Inyo County, California, scale 1: 24,000.

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Troxel, B.W., Wright, L.A., and Jahns, R.H., 1972, Evidence for differential displacement along the Garlock fault zone, California: Geological Society of America, Abstracts With Programs, v. 4, p. 250.

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Troxell, H.C., and Hofmann, W., 1954, Hydrology of the Mojave desert, in Jahns, R.H., ed., Geology of southern California, California Department of Natural Resources, Division of Mines Bulletin 170, Chapter VI, Contribution 2, p. 13-17.

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Tucker, W.B., 1924, Los Angles Field Division: California Mineral Bureau Report 20, 33 p.

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Tucker, W.B., 1996, Digital hydrographic, land use/land cover, and hydrologic unit boundary files for the Death Valley region of southern Nevada and southeastern California processed from U.S. Geological Survey 1:100,000- and 1:250,000-scale digital data files: Denver CO, US Geological Survey, 21 pages.

Tucker, W.B., and Sampson, R.J., 1938, Mineral resources of Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines and Geology, v. 34, no. 4, p. 368-500.

Tumbusch, M.L., and Schaefer, D.H., 1996, Selected hydrologic data for location of MX wells in east-central and southern Nevada, Januray 1980 through May 1996: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-469, 3 p., 3 tables, 1 plate.

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Turner, A.K., D'Agnese, F.A., and Faunt, C.C., 1996, Digital hydrographic, land use/land cover, and hydrologic unit boundary files for the Death Valley region of southern Nevada and southeastern California processed from U.S. Geological Survey 1:100,000- and 1:250,000-scale digital data files: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-362, 14 p., 6 tables.

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Turner, B.J., 1973, Genetic Divergence Of Death Valley Pupfish Population Species-Specific Esterases.: Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B Comp. Biochem., v. 46, no. 1, p. 57-70.

Turner, B.J., 1973, Genetic Variation Of Mitochondrial Aspartate Aminotransferase In The Teleost /Cyprinodon Nevadensis/.: Comp. Biochem. Physiol. B Comp. Biochem., v. 44, no. 1, p. 89-92.

Turner, B.J., 1974, Genetic Divergence Of Death Valley Pupfish Species: Biochemical Versus Morphological Evidence.: Evolution, v. 28, no. 2, p. 281-294.

Turner, B.J., and Liu, R.K., 1977, Extensive interspecific genetic compatibility in the New World killifish genus Cyprinodon: Copeia, v. 2, p. 259-269.

Turner, B.J.A.L.R.K., 1977, Xanthic Variants In A Natural Population Of The Salt Creek Pupfish, /Cyprinodon Salinus/.: Southwest. Nat., v. 22, no. 4, p. 538-540.

Turrin, B.D., Champion, D., and Fleck, R.J., 1991, 40Ar/39Ar age of the Lathrop Wells Volcanic Center, Yucca Mountain: Science, Aug 9, 1991, v. 253, no. 5020, p. 654-657.

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Varela, D.P., mostly later 20th century, Death Valley guidebooks [collection].

Varela, David P., 1976, Method of emplacement of the Smith Mountain pluton, Death Valley, California, Los Angeles, CA, California State University at Los Angeles. (incomplete reference)

Ver Planck, W.E., 1954, Salines in southern California, in Jahns, R.H., ed., Geology of southern California: California Department of Natural Resources, Division of Mines Bulletin 170, Chapter VIII, Contribution 1, p. 5-13.

Ver Planck, W.E., 1956, History of borax production in the United States: California Journal of Mines and Geology, v. 52, no. 3, p. 273-291.

Versar, 1996, Workplan for a problem assessment at the former underground storage tank site at the Grapevine Maintenance Yard located within Death Valley National Park: Private Consultant, Versar Inc., 1255 Harbor Bay Parkway, Suite 100, Alameda, California, 94501, April 1, 1996.

Versar, 1997, Problem assessment report, Grapevine Maintenance Yard, Death Valley National Park: Private Consultant, Versar Inc., 1255 Harbor Bay Parkway, Suite 100, Alameda, California, 94501, May 5, 1997, 9 p.

Vetter, U.R., 1984, Focal mechanisms and crustal stress patterns in western Nevada and eastern California: Annales Geophysicae, v. 2, no. 6, p. 699-710.

Vincelette, R.R., 1964, Structural geology of the Mount Sterling quadrangle, Nevada, and related scale model experiments: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, Stanford, California, 141 p.

Vittori, E., Michetti, A.M., Slemmons, D.B., et al., 1993, Style of recent surface deformation at the south end of the Owens Valley fault zone, eastern California: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, 89th annual meeting and Rocky Mountain Section, 46th annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 25, p. 159.

Vogel, T.A., Noble, D.C., and Younker, L.W., 1983, Chemical evolution of a high-level magma system - the Black Mountain volcanic center, southern Nevada: Lawrence Livermore Laboratory Report UCRL - 53444, 49 p.

Vogel, T.A., Noble, D.C., and Younker, L.W., 1989, Evolution of a chemically zoned magma body - the Black Mountain volcanic center, Southwestern Nevada: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, no. B5. (incomplete reference)

Von Engel, O.P., 1932, The Ubehebe craters and explosion breccias in Death Valley: Journal of Geology, v. 40, p. 726-734.

Vredenburgh, L.M., 1982, Two-dimensional, steady-state model of ground-water flow, Nevada test site and vicinity, Nevada-California: Denver, CO, US Geological Survey, Water Resources Investigations Report 82-4085, 72 pages.

Vredenburgh, L.M., 1984, Hydrology of Yucca Mountain and vicinity, Nevada-California, investigation results through mid-1983, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4267, 72 p. Available from OFSS,USGS, Box 25425, Lakewood, CO 80225.

Vredenburgh, L.M., 1988, Historical review of the economic geology of the Panamint Range and Valley, Inyo County, CaliforniaGregory, Jennifer L., and Baldwin, E. Joan, Editors, Geology of the Death Valley region, South Coast Geological Society, Inc., p. 376-385, 429 p.

Vredenburgh, L.M., 1988, Reconnaissance geologic map of parts of the Wingate Wash, Quail Mountains and Manly Peak quadrangles, Inyo and San Bernardino counties, southeastern California, California Department of Conservation, Division of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines and Geology, Open-File Report, Extent unknown .

Vrojlik, P.J., Cladouhos, T.T., Cowan, D.S., and Morgan, J.K., 1997, Importance of alteration reactions for the Death Valley fault zone: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 29, no. 6, p. A-258.



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