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Selected references for the

Geology of Death Valley National Park

and surrounding region

Compiled by
Philadelphia J. Morrow and Michael N. Machette,
U.S. Geological Survey, Denver, CO

The following list of approximately 3,750 references was collected from National Park Service and U.S. Geological Survey files, from a literature search using GEOREF, and from references supplied by participants of the April 9-11, 1999 "Conference on Status of Geologic Research and Mapping in Death Valley National Park" (see attached proceedings volume). References that are incomplete or seem to have errors are marked "reference incomplete" and should be used with caution. The list has not been heavily edited for consistency, nor has a substantial effort been made to cull or prioritize the list. However, it should serve as a great resource for those uninitiated in Death Valley geology. The compilers are greatly indebted to Blair Davenport (NPS), Mel Essington (NPS), Angela Jayko (USGS), and Chris Menges (USGS), each of whom supplied large source lists

Some of the references have been coded as to the subject matter using the following codes. These codes follow the references.

C Geochemistry
G Geophysics
H Hydrology
I Imagery/remote sensing
M Mapping (geologic)
N Neotectonics
Q Quaternary geology, geomorphology, paleoclimate
S Stratigraphy, paleontology
T Structure, tectonics



A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


O

Oakes, E.H., 1979, A developing turtleback in northern Death Valley, California [Abstract]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts With Programs, v. 11, no. 3, p. 120-121.

Oakes, E.H., 1987, Age and rates of displacement along the Furnace Creek fault zone, northern Death Valley, California [abs.]: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 19, no. 6, p. 437. N

Oakes, E.H., 1989, Hydrogeologic inferences from drillers' logs and from gravity and resistivity surveys in the Amargosa Desert, southern Nevada, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-234, 29 pages.

Oakes, Edward H., 1977, Geology of the northern Grapevine Mountains, northern Death Valley, California: Unpublished Master of Science thesis, University of Wyoming, Laramie, 100 p., 2 plates, map scale 1:15,500.

Oakeshott, G.B, Jennings, C.W., and Turner, M.D., 1954, Correlation of sedimentary formations in southern California, in Jahns, R.H., ed., Geology of southern California: California Department of Natural Resources, Division of Mines Bulletin 170, Chapter III, Contribution 1, p. 5-8.

Oatfield, W.J., and Czarnecki, J.B., 1989, Hydrogeologic inferences from driller’s logs and from gravity and resistivity surveys in the Amargosa Desert, southern Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-234, 296 p.

Oatfield, W.J., and Czarnecki, J.B., 1990, Hydrogeologic inferences from drillers' logs and from gravity and resistivity surveys in the Amargosa Desert, southern Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 89-234, 29 p.

Oatfield, W.J., and Czarnecki, J.B., 1991, Hydrogeologic inferences from drillers logs and from gravity and resistivity surveys in the Amargosa Desert, southern Nevada: Journal of Hydrology, v. 124, p. 131-158.

Oberlander, P.L., 1979, Development of a quasi three-dimensional groundwater model for a portion of the Nevada Test Site: Desert Research Institute, University of Nevada, NVO-1253-14, 72 p.

Oberlander, T.M., 1972, Morphogenesis of granite boulder slopes in the Mojave Desert, California: Journal of Geology, v. 80, p. 1-20.

Oberlander, T.M., 1974, Landscape inheritance and the pediment problem in the Mojave Desert of southern California: American Journal of Science, v. 274, p. 849-875.

O'Brian R.D., 1974, Mineral report on the Copper Lode mining claims, Death Valley National Monument, California: National Park Service Report. (incomplete reference)

O'Brian, R.D., 1975, Appraisal of mineral interests inherent in Tract No. 05-103, Death Valley National Monument: Mines and Minerals Division, National Park Service Report. (incomplete reference)

O'Brien, G. M., Tucci, P., and Burkhardt, D.J., 1995, Water levels in the Yucca Mountain area, Nevada, 1992: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-311, 72 p.

O'Brien, G.M., 1991, Water levels in periodically measured wells in the Yucca Mountain Area, Nevada, 1989: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-178, 51 p.

O'Brien, G.M., 1992, Earthquake-induced water-level fluctuations at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, April 1992: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-137, 9 p.

O'Brien, G.M., 1993, Earthquake-induced water-level fluctuations at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, June 1992: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-73, 11 p.

O'Brien, G.M., 1998, Analysis of aquifer tests conducted in borehole USW G-2, 1996, Yucca Mountain, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 98-4063, 22 p.

O'Brien, G.M., and Tucci, P., 1992, Earthquake-induced water-level and fluid-pressure fluctuations at Yucca Mountain, Nevada: EOS [Transactions of American Geophysical Union], 1992 Fall Meeting Abstracts, p. 157. (incomplete reference)

O'Farrell, T.P.A.J.T.F., 1981, Effects Of Periodic Food Limitations On Death Valley Rodents.: Proc. Second Conf. Sci. Res. Natl. Parks, v. 12, p. 165-183.

O'Farrell, T.P.A.J.T.F., No date, Ecology of the Nevada Test Site: a narrative summary and annotated bibliography: Boulder City, NV, 249 p. (incomplete reference)

O'Hagan, M.D., and Laczniak, R.L., 1996, Ground-water levels beneath eastern Pahute Mesa and vicinity, Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 96-4042, 1 sheet.

Oldow, J.S., and Kohler, G.K., 1994, Low-angle transfer zone linking the Furnace Creek and Walker Lane fault systems, western Great Basin: The Geological Society of America Abstracts With Programs, v. 26, p. 78.

O'Leary, D.W., 1996, Choosing a tectonic model for Yucca Mountain, Nevada: Geological Society of America, 28th annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, p. 192.

Oliver, H.W., and Fox, K.F., 1993, Structure of Crater Flat and Yucca Mountain, southeastern Nevada, as inferred from gravity data: American Nuclear Society Proceedings of the Fourth Annual International Conference on High Level Nuclear Waste Management, April 26-30, 1993, Las Vegas, NV, v. 2, p. 1812-1817. (T,G)

Oliver, H.W., Ponce, D.A., and Hunter, W.C., 1995, eds., Major results of geophysical investigations at Yucca Mountain and vicinity, southern Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-74, 235 p.

Oliver, H.W., Ponce, D.A., Blank, H.R., et al., 1995, Magnetic investigations: Major results of geophysical investigations at Yucca Mountain and vicinity, southern Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 95-74, p. 55-72.

Olmsted, F.H., Glancy, P.A., Harrill, J.R., Rush, F.E., and Van Denburgh, A.S., 1975, Preliminary hydrogeologic appraisal of selected hydrothermal systems in northern and central Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 75-56. (incomplete reference)

Olson, D., 1995, Analysis of geophysical logs from water-monitoring well UE-25 JF-3 in support of the water resources component of the Yucca Mountain Environmental Monitoring Program: Las Vegas, Nevada, TRW Environmental Safety Systems, Inc. Report B00000000-01717-0200-00128, Rev. 00, 62 p.

Olson, J.C., and Pray, L.C., 1954, The Mountain Pass rare-earth deposits, in Jahns, R.H., ed., Geology of Southern California: California Department of Natural Resources, Division of Mines Bulletin 170, Chapter VIII, Contribution 3, p. 23-29.

Olson, Robert C., 1970, Geology of the northwestern Inyo Mountains, Inyo Counlty, California: Unpublished Masters thesis, San Jose State Universtiy, San Jose, California. (incomplete reference)

Olson, V.J., 1977, A field review of Trona Pinnacles Natural Landmark Site, 10 pp. photos. (incomplete reference)

O'Malley, P. A., 1980, Quaternary geology and tectonics of the Waucoba Wash 15-minute quadrangle, Saline Valley, Inyo County, California, 1980, University of Nevada, Reno Nevada.

Ore, H.T., and Warren, C.N., 1971, Late Pleistocene-early Holocene geomorphic history of Lake Mojave, California: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 82, p. 2553-2562.

Orkild, P.P., 1963, Geologic map of the Tippipah Spring quadrangle, Nye County, California: United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Geological Quadrangle Map GQ-213, Extent unknown 1:24,000.

Orkild, P.P., 1965, Paintbrush Tuff and Timber Mountain Tuff of Nye County, Nevada, in Cohee, G.V., and West, W.S., Changes in stratigraphic nomenclature by the US Geological Survey, 1964: US Geological Survey Bulletin 1224-A, p. A44-A51.

Orkild, P.P., 1968, Geologic map of the Mine Mountain quadrangle, Nye County, Nevada, U.S. Geological Survey Geologic Quadrangle Map GQ-746, map scale 1:24,000.

Orkild, P.P., and O'Connor, J.T., 1970, Geologic map of the Tonopah Spring quadrangle, Nye Countuy, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Map GQ-849. (incomplete reference)

Orkild, P.P., Sargent, K.A., and Snyder, R.P., 1969, Geologic map of the Pahute Mesa, Nevada Test Site and vicinity, Nye County, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Map I-567, 5 p., 1 sheet, map scale 1:48,000.

Orme, A.J., and Orme, A.R., 1994, Relict barrier beaches as paloenvironmental indicators in the California Desert: Physical Geography, v. 12, no. 4, p. 334-346.

Orndorff, R.L. and anonymous, 1998, Exploring the provenance of Owens Valley runoff under modern and LGM climate boundary conditions: Geological Society of America, Rocky Mountain Section, 50th annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 30, p. 33.

Ortiz, T.S., Williams, R.L., Nimick, F.B., Whittet, B.C., and South, D.L., 1985, A three-dimensional model of reference thermal/mechanical and hydrological stratigraphy at Yucca Mountain, south Nevada: Sandia National Laboratory Report SAND 84-1076, 72 p.

Osmond, J.K., Cowart, J.B., Ivanovich, M., et al., 1992, Ground water: Uranium-series disequilibrium, applications to Earth, marine, and environmental sciences, p. 290-333. (incomplete reference)

Osterkamp, W.R, Lane, L.J., and Savard, C.S., 1994, Recharge estimates using a geomorphic/distributed–Parameter simulation approach, Amargosa River basin: Water Resources Bulletin, v. 30, p. 493-507.

Oswald, J.A., Wesnousky, S.G., 1996, Character of active faulting along the Hunter Mountain fault zone: AGU 1996 fall meeting: EOS [Transactions of American Geophysical Union], 1996 fall meeting, v. 77, p. 461.

Otto, R.G.A.G.S.D., 1973, Heat Tolerance Of A Death Valley Pupfish (Genus /Cyprinodon/).: Physiol. Zool., v. 46, no. 1, p. 43-49.

Otton, J.K., 1974, Geologic features of the central Black Mountains, Death Valley, California, in Guidebook–Death Valley Region, California and Nevada, in Geological Society of America Field Trip Number 1, 70th annual meeting of the Cordilleran section: The Death Valley Publishing Company, Shoshone, California, p. 65-72.

Otton, J.K., 1974, Metamorphic, igneous and structural features of the central Black Mountains, Death Valley, California [Abstract]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts With Programs, v. 6, no. 3, p. 233.

Otton, J.K., 1976, Geologic features of the central Black Mountains, Death Valley, California, in Troxel, Bennie, W. and Wright, Lauren A., eds., Geologic features, Death Valley, California: California Division of Mines and Geology, Sacramento, California, Special Report 106, p. 27-34.

Otton, J.K., 1977, Geology of the central Black Mountains, Death Valley, California–The turtleback terrane: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, Pennsylvania, 155 p, map scale 1:24,000.

Otton, J.K., 1982, Turtleback terrain of Death Valley –Metamorphic core complexes?: The Geological Society of America Abstracts With Programs, v. 14, p. 222.

Otton, J.K., Pavlis, T.L., Wright, L.A. and Troxel, B.W., unpublished mapping in the Gold Valley and Mormon Point quadrangles, scale, 1:24,000,

Overbye, D., 1982, Waiting for the volcano: Discover (Chicago), v. 3, p. 18-22 and 24.

Overzet, Dan, Brunson, R. F., and Greslin, Ron., 1983, Baseline floodplain analysis: National Park Service, Denver Service Center. (incomplete reference)

Oviatt, C.G., McCoy, W.D., Clark, P.U., et al., 1992, Early Wisconsin lakes and glaciers in the Great Basin, U.S.A., in The last interglacial-glacial transition in North America: Geological Society of America Special Paper 270, p. 279-287.


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P

Pabst, A., Sawyer, D.L., Jr., and Switzer, G.S., 1955, Galeite, a new mineral from Searles Lake, California [Abstract]: United States Geological Survey Bulletin, v. 66, no. 12, p. pt. 2, 1658-1659.

Pabst, M.E., Beck, D.A., Glancy, P.A., and Johnson, J.A., 1993, Streamflow and selected precipitation data for Yucca Mountain and vicinity, Nye County, Nevada, water years 1983-85: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 93-438, 14 p., 7 tables.

Paces, J.B., 1995, FY 1995 studies of paleodischarge deposits: Milestone Report 3GQH520M to DOE-YMPSCO, 27 p.

Paces, J.B., Forester, R.M., Whelan, J.F., Mahan, S.A., Bradbury, J.P., Quade, J., Neymark, L.A., and Kwak, L.M., 1996, Synthesis of ground-water discharge deposits near Yucca Mountain: Report 3GQH671M to DOE-YMPSCO, 21 p., 3 appendix, 25 figures.

Paces, J.B., Mahan, S.A., Ludwig, K.R., Kwak, L.M., Neymark, L.A., Simmons, K.R., Nealey, L.D., Marshall, B.D., and Walker, A., 1995, Progress report on dating Quaternary surficial deposits: Report to Department of Energy by U.S. Geological Survey for Milestone 3GCH510M, 36 p.

Paces, J.B., Menges, C.M., Widmann, B., Wesling, J.R., Bush, C.A., Futa, K., Millard, H.T., Maat, P.B., and Whitney, J.W., 1994, Preliminary U-series disequilibrium and thermoluminescence ages of paleosols associated with Quaternary faults, east side of Yucca Mountain: Proceedings of the 5th International High-level Radioactive Waste Management Conference, American Society of Civil Engineers, v. 4, p. 2391-2401.

Paces, J.B., Neymark, L.A., Kwak, L.M., and Peterman, Z.E., 1996, U-series dating of secondary minerals in unsaturated zone tuffs indicating low paleo-water flux through Yucca Mountain, Nevada: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 28, no. 7, p. A139-A140.

Paces, J.B., Taylor, E.M., and Bush, C.A., 1993, Late Quaternary history and uranium isotopic compositions of ground water discharge deposits, Crater Flat, Nevada: Proceedings of the Fourth International High-level Radioactive Waste Management Conference, v. 2, p. 1573-1580.

Pack, S.M., and Reid, J.B., Jr., 1995, Late Pleistocene tilting of the Black Mountains, southern Death Valley, evidence from shorelines of Lake Manly: Geological Society of America, Northeastern Section, 30th annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 27, no. 1, p. 72.

Pack, S.M., and Reid, J.B., Jr., 1997, Water-resource potential of four land parcels in or near Death Valley National Park proposed by the Timbisha Shoshone tribe for designation as reservation lands: San Jose, CA, Pal Consultants, Inc., 45+ pages.

Page, B.M., 1951, Talc deposits of steatite grade, Inyo County, California: California Division of Mines Special Report 8, 35 p., 11 plates.

Page, L.E., Geology of areas north of the Kingston Range, Inyo County, California: unpublished map, scale 1:24,000.

Page, R.W., and Moyle, Jr., W.R., 1960, Data on water wells in the eastern part of the Middle Mojave Valley area, San Bernardino County, California: California Department of Water Resources Bulletin 91-3, 223 p.

Page, R.W., Moyle, Jr., W.R., and Dutcher, L.C., 1960, Data on wells in the western part of the Middle Mojave Valley area, San Bernardino County, California: California Department of Water Resources, Bulletin 91-1, 126 p.

Page, W.R., Dixon, G.L., and Ash, S.R., 1992, Northern terminus of the Mesozoic Dry Lake thrust fault, Arrow Canyon Range, southeastern Nevada: Geological Society of America, Rocky Mountain Section, Abstracts with Programs, v. 24, p. 56.

Pakisear, L.C., Kane, M.F. and Jackson, W.H., 1964, Structural Geology and Volcanism of Owens Valley Region, California - A Geophysical Study: U.S. Geological Survey, Professional Paper 438, 68 p.

Pal, Nick, 1994, Description and evaluation of the Death Valley groundwater flow system. (incomplete reference)

Palmer, A.R., 1964, An unusual lower Cambrian trilobite fauna from Nevada: U.S. Geololgical Survey Professional Paper 483-F. (incomplete reference)

Palmer, A.R., 1979, Physical stratigraphy and trilobite biostratigraphy of the Carrara Formation (Lower and Middle Cambrian) in the southern Great Basin, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 1047, 127 p. + plates .

Palmer, A.R., and Hazzard, J.C., 1956, Age and correlation of Cornfield Springs and Bonanza King Formations in southeastern California and southern Nevada: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 40, no. 10, p. 2494-2499.

Palmer, A.R., Taylor, M.E. and Palmer, A.R., 1981, Lower and Middle Cambrian stratigraphy from Las Vegas, Nevada, to Bishop, California–Cambrian stratigraphy and paleontology of the Great Basin and vicinity, Western United States: (incomplete reference)

Palmer, L.A., 1922, Evaporation of potash brines at Deep Spring Lake, California: Chem. and Metall. Eng., v. 26, p. 1034-1037.

Papke, K.G., 1972, A sepiolite-rich playa deposit in southern Nevada: Clays and Clay Minerals, v. 20, p. 211-215.

Parker, K.C., 1982, The structure of bird communties in North American deserts., 376 pp. PU University of Wisconsin, Madison RN IL maps; photographs; tabs.; figs. (incomplete reference)

Parker, K.C., 1983, Geologic road guide to Death Valley National Monument: Santa Cruz, CA, Undergraduate Geology Association, University of California, Santa Cruz, 100+ p.

Parsons, A.J., and Abrahams, A.D., 1984, Mountain mass denudation and piedmont formation in the Mojave and Sonoran deserts: American Journal of Science, v. 284, p. 255-271.

Parsons, T., and Thompson, G.A., 1993, Does magmatism influence low-angle normal faulting?: Geology, v. 21, p. 247-250.

Pavlik, B.M., 1979, Patters of water potential and photosynthesis of desert sand dune plants, Eureka Valley, California: Oecologia, v. 46, p. 147-157.

Pavlik, B.M., 1987, Autecological monitoring of endangered plants and damaged communities, in Pister, Edwin P., Editor, Proceedings of the Desert Fishes Council: the sixteenth - eighteenth annual symposia, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi (1984), Death Valley National Monument (1985), St. George UT (1986), 1984, p. pages 91-100.

Pavlis, T.L., 1991, Exposures of the floor of a Miocene, syn-tectonic pluton, Death Valley, California–The turtleback terrane: Geololgical Society of America, Abstracts and Programs, v. 23, no. 5, p. 189.

Pavlis, T.L., 1994, Kinematics of extensional ductile to brittle structures in the Death Valley extended terrane, in Geological investigations of an active margin: Geological Society of America, Cordilleran Section, Field Trip Guide, p. 37-42. (incomplete reference)

Pavlis, T.L., and Wagner, D.L., Geology of part of the Wingate Wash area, west of southern Death Valley, California, unpublished, scale 1:24000.

Pavlis, T.L., Serpa, L.F., and Keener, C., 1993, Role of seismogenic processes in fault—rock development–An example from Death Valley, California: Geology, v. 21, no. 3, p. 267-270. Q, T

Peck, J.H., Jr., 1950?, The genus Rayonnoceras in California. (incomplete reference)

Peck, J.H., Jr., 1995, Hydrochemical data base for the Death Valley Region, California and Nevada: Denver, Co, US Geological Survey, Open-File Report 94-305, 10 p.

Pelton, Peter J., 1966, Mississippian rocks of the southwest Great Basin, Nevada and California: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, Rice University, Houston, Texas, 99 p.

Pendall, E., Harden, J.W., and Trumbore, S., 1991, Pedogenic isotopic indicators of climate and carbon cycling in Fish Lake Valley: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-296, 17 p.

Peng, T.H., Goddard, J.G., and Broecker, W.S., 1978, A BLOCKQUOTEect comparison of 14 C and 230 Th ages at Searles Lake, California: Quaternary Research, v. 9, p. 319-329.

Perfect, D.L., Faunt, C.C., Steinkampf, W.C., and Turner, A.K., 1995, Hydrochemical data base for the Death Valley region, California and Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-305, 10 p, with 2 disks.

Perkins, M.E., Nash, W.P., Brown, F.H., et al., 1994, Tephrochronology of selected Miocene floras and faunas of the Great Basin and some adjacent areas: Geological Society of America, 1994 annual meeting, Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, p. 520.

Perry, C.A., Gillespie, J.B., Hargadine, D.A., et al., 1993, Detection of fractures in Ash Meadows, southwestern Nevada by electromagnetic terrain-conductivity measurements: Ground Sensing: Ground sensing, v. 1941, p. 113-124.

Perry, L.E., 1985, The Aquarius travertine mine: Jewelry Making Gems & Minerals, v. 574, p. 38-40.

Pesci, R.C., Scholl, D.W., Scales, F.H.H., and Libbey, F.J., 1955, Archaeocyathid localities in the Waucoba type section, California: The Compass, Sigma Gamma Epsilon (an honorary Scientific Fraternity Magazine Devoted to the Earth Sciences). (incomplete reference)

Pestana, Harold R., 1959, Stratigraphy and paleontology of the Johnson Spring Formation, Middle Ordivician, Independence quadrangle, California: Unpublished Masters Thesis, University of California at Berkeley. (incomplete reference)

Peter, K.D., Kolm, K.E., Downey, J.S., and Nichols, T.C., 1988, Lineaments, significance, criteria for determination and varied effects on ground-water systems–A case history in the use of remote sensing, in Johnson, A.I., and Patterson, C.B., eds., Geotechnical applications of remote sensing and remote data transmission, ASTM STP 967: American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA., p. 46-68.

Peterman, Z.E., and Stuckless, J.S., 1993, Application of strontium and other radiogenic tracer isotopes to paleohydrologic studies: Paleohydrological methods and their applications, Proceedings of the NEA Workshop, Paris, p. 59-84.

Peterman, Z.E., and Stuckless, J.S., 1993, Isotopic evidence of complex ground-water flow at Yucca Mountain, Nevada, USA, in Conference on high-level radioactive waste management, 4th Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, Proceedings: American Society of Civil Engineers, p. 1559-1566.

Peterman, Z.E., Spengler, R.W., Singer, F.R., Dickerson, R.P., 1996, Geochemistry of outcrop samples from the Raven Canyon and Paintbrush Canyon reference sections, Yucca Mountain, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-550, 16 p.

Peterman, Z.E., Stuckless, J.S., Downey, J.S., and Gutentag, E.D., 1990, Strontium-isotope geochemistry of the Ash Meadows ground-water system in southern Nevada: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Program, v. 22, no. 7, p. 295-296.

Peterman, Z.E., Stuckless, J.S., Mahan, S.A., et al., 1992, Strontium isotope characterization of the Ash Meadows ground-water system, southern Nevada, USA: Proceedings of the 7th international symposium on water-rock interaction, V. 1, Low temperature environments, v. 7, p. 825-829.

Peterman, Z.E., Widmann, B.L., Marshall, B.D., Aleinikoff, J.N., Futa, K., and Mahan, S.A., 1994, Isotopic tracers of gold deposition in Paleozoic limestones, southern Nevada, in Conference on high-level radioactive waste management, Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference, Las Vegas, Nevada, 22-26 May 1994, La Grange Park, Illinois: American Nuclear Society, v. 3, p. 1316-1323.

Peterson, F.F., 1980, Holocene Desert Soil Formation under Sodium Salt Influence in a Playa-Margin Environment: Quaternary Research v. 13, p. 172-186.

Peterson, F.F., 1981, Landforms of the Basin and Range Province defined for soil survey: Nevada Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Nevada Technical Bulletin 28, 52 p.

Peterson, F.F., 1988, Appendix B–Soil-geomorphology studies in the Crater Flat, Nevada, area, in Bell, J.W., principal investigator, Quaternary geology and active faulting at and near Yucca Mountain, in U.S. Department of Energy, Evaluation of the geologic relations and Seismotectonic stability of the Yucca Mountain area: Nevada Nuclear Waste Site Investigation (NNWSI) Final Report, prepared by the Center for Neotectonic Studies, Mackay School of Mines, University of Nevada, Reno, 64 p (Appendix B).

Peterson, F.F., 1988, Consultant’s Report: Soil-Geomorphology Studies in the Crater Flat, Nevada, Area: for Task 1, Evaluation of the Geologic Relations and Seismotectonic Stability of the Yucca Mtn. Area, Nevada Nuclear Waste Site Investigation (NNWSI), 44 p.

Peterson, F.F., Bell, J.W., Dorn, R.I., Ramelli, A.R., Ku, T-L., 1995, Late Quaternary geomorphology and soils in Crater Flat, Yucca Mountain area, southern Nevada: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 107, p. 379-395.

Peterson, M.N.A., Bien, G.S., and Berner, R.A., 1963, Radiocarbon studies of recent dolomite from Deep Spring Lake, California: Jour. Geophys. Research, v. 68, no. 24, p. 6493-6505.

Peterson, P.M., 1984, Flora and physiognomy of the Cottonwood Mountains, Death Valley National Monument, California: Las Vegas, NV, Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, 241 p. + map .

Peterson, P.M., 1986, A flora of the Cottonwood Mountains, Death Valley National Monument, California: The Wasmann Journal of Biology, v. 44, no. 1-2, p. 73-126.

Petronis, M.S., Geissman, J.W., Holm, D.K., Schauble, E., and Wernicke, B.P., 1997, Paleomagnetic data bearing on vertical-axis rotation within the central Death Valley extended terrane: EOS [Transactions of the American Geophysical Union], v. 78 no. 46, p. F189. (G)

Pewe, T.L., Davis, G.H. and VandenDolder, E.M., 1988, Terraces of the lower Salt River valley in relation to the late Cenozoic history of the Phoenix Basin, Arizona, in Geologic diversity of Arizona and its margins–Excursions to choice areas: State of Arizona, Bureau of Geology and Mineral Technology Special Paper 5, p.221-226.

Pexton, R.E., 1919, Salt resources of the United States: Death Valley, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Bulletin 669, 277 p.

Pexton, R.E., 1984, Geology and paleohydrology of part of the Amargosa Desert in Nevada: Unpublished MS thesis, University of Nevada, Reno, Nevada, 63 p., or Pexton, R.E., 1985, Geology and paleohydrology of a part of the Amargosa Desert: Unpublished M.S. thesis, University of California, Berkeley, 62 p. (incomplete reference)

Phalen, W.C., 1912, Celestite in California: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 540, p. 526-531.

Phillips, F.M., Smith, G.I., Bentley, H.W., Elmore, D., and Gove, H.E., 1983, Cl-36 dating of saline sediments–Preliminary results from Searles Lake, California: Science, v. 222, p. 925-927.

Phillips, F.M., Zreda, M.G., Sharma, P., et al., 1994, Chlorine-36 chronology for the late Pleistocene lacustrine history of Panamint and Death valleys, California: Abstracts of the Eighth international conference on Geochronology, cosmochronology, and isotope geology, Berkeley, CA, United States, p. 250.

Phillips, F.M., Zreda, M.G., Smith, S.S., Elmore, D., Kubik, P.W., and Sharma, P., 1990, Cosmogenic chlorine-36 chronology for glacial deposits at Bloody Canyon, eastern Sierra Nevada: Science, v. 248, p. 1529-1532.

Pierce, D., Cloud, P., Troxel, B.W., and others, 1977, New microfloras from the Pahrump Group, late Pre-Phanerozoic, eastern California [Abstract]: Geological Society of America, Abstracts With Programs, v. 9, p. 481-482.

Piety, L.A., 1994, Compilation of known and suspected Quaternary faults within 100 km of Yucca Mountain, Nevada and California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 94-112, 404 p, scale 1:250,000.

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Ragan, Donal M., 1954, Geology of Butte Valley, Inyo County, California: Unpublished Masters Thesis, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, California, 59 p.

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Reheis, M.C., 1990b, Preliminary Map of Late Cenozoic Deposits and Faults in the Western Part of the Rhyolite Ridge 15' Quadrangle, Esmeralda County, Nevada, U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Investigations Map (work in progress). (incomplete reference)

Reheis, M.C., 1990c, Preliminary Observations on Late Cenozoic Motion on the Northern Part of the Furnace Creek Fault Zone, California and Nevada (work in progress). (incomplete reference)

Reheis, M.C., 1991, Aerial photographic interpretation of lineaments and faults in late Cenozoic deposits in the eastern part of the Benton Range 1:100,000 quadrangle and the Goldfield, Last Chance Range, Beatty, and Death Valley Junction 1:100,000 quadrangles, Nevada and California: Denver, CO, United States Geological Survey, 9 pages plus 4 plates .

Reheis, M.C., 1991, Aerial photographic interpretation of lineaments and faults in late Cenozoic deposits in the eastern parts of the Saline Valley 1:100,000 quadrangle, Nevada and California, and the Darwin Hills 1:100,000 quadrangle, California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 90-500, 6 p, 2 plates, scale 1:100,000.

Reheis, M.C., 1991, Geologic map of late Cenozoic deposits and faults in the western part of the Rhyolite Ridge 15´ quadrangle, Esmeralda County, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I—2183, scale 1:24,000. M, Q

Reheis, M.C., 1992, Aerial photographic interpretation of lineaments and faults in late Cenozoic deposits in the Cactus Flats and Pahute Mesa 1:100,000 quadrangles and the western parts of the Timpahute Range, Pahranagat Range, Indian Springs, and Las Vegas 1:100,000 quadrangles, Nye and Louden Counties, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 92-193, 14 p., 3 plates, scale 1:100,000.

Reheis, M.C., 1992, Geologic map of late Cenozoic deposits and faults in parts of the Soldier Pass and Magruder Mountain 15´ quadrangles, Inyo and Mono Counties, California, and Esmeralda County, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Investigations Series Map I—2268, scale 1:24,000. N

Reheis, M.C., 1993, Logs of trenches across the central part of the Fish Lake Valley fault zone, Mono County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-2266, with text, 36 p.

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Reheis, M.C., 1993, When did movement begin on the Furnace Creek fault zone?: Geological Society of America, Abstracts with Programs, v. 25, no. 5, p. 138.

Reheis, M.C., 1994, Holocene faulting along the central Fish Lake Valley fault zone, California and Nevada: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 26, no. 2, p. 83.

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Reheis, M.C., and Dixon, T.H., 1996, Kinematics of the eastern California shear zone, evidence for slip transfer from Owens and Saline Valley fault zones to Fish Lake Valley fault zone: Geology, v. 24, p. 339-342.

Reheis, M.C., and five others, 1996, Late-Quaternary sedimentation on the Liedy Creek fan, Nevada-California, in Geomorphic responses to climatic change: Basin Research, v. 12, p. 279-299.

Reheis, M.C., and Kihl, R., 1995, Dust deposition in southern Nevada and California, 1984-1989: relations to climate, source area, and source lithology: Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 100, no. D5, p. 8893-8918.

Reheis, M.C., and McKee, E.H., 1991, Late Cenozoic history of slip on the Fish Lake Valley fault zone, Nevada and California, in Reheis, M.C., Sarna-Wojcicki, A.M., Meyer, C.E, McKee, E.H., Slate, J.L., Burbank, D.M., Sawyer, T.L, and Pendell, E.G., contributing eds., Late Cenozoic stratigraphy and tectonics of Fish Lake Valley, Nevada and California–Road log and contributions to the Field Trip Guidebook, 1991 Pacific Cell of Friends of the Pleistocene: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 91-290, p. 26-45.

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Roseboom, E.H., Jr., 1983, Disposal of high-level nuclear waste above the water table in arid regions: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 903, 21 p.

Roselle, Gregory Thomas, 1997, Integrated petrologic, stable isotopic, and statistical study of fluid-flow in carbonates of the Ubehebe Peak contract aureole, Death Valley National Park, California: Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, Wisconsin, 219 p., 3 appendix.

Rosen, M.R., 1989, Sedimentologic, geochemical, and hydrologic evolution of an intracontinental, closed-basin playa (Bristol Dry Lake, California)–A model for playa development and its implications for paleoclimate: Unpublished, University of Texas, Austin, Texas, 266 p. (incomplete reference)

Rosholt, J.N., 1980, Uranium-trend dating of Quaternary sediments: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-1087, 65 p.

Rosholt, J.N., Bush, C.A., Carr, W.J., Hoover, D.L., Swadley, W.C., and Dooley, J.R., Jr., 1985, Uranium-trend dating of Quaternary deposits in the Nevada Test Site area, Nevada and California: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 85-540, 72 p.

Rosholt, J.N., Colman, S.M., Stuiver, M., Damon, P.E., Naeser, C.W., Naeser, N.D., Szabo, B.J., Muhs, D.R., Liddicoat, J.C., Forman, S.L., Machette, M.N., and Pierce, K.L., 1991, Dating methods applicable to the Quaternary, in Morrison, R.B., ed., Quaternary nonglacial geology–Conterminous U.S.: Geological Society of America, The Geology of North America, v. K-2, p. 45-74.

Rosholt, J.N., Swadley, W.C., and Bush, C.A., 1988, Uranium-trend dating of fluvial and fan deposits in the Beatty area, Nevada, in Carr, M.D., and Yount, J.C., eds., Geologic and hydrologic investigation of a potential nuclear waste disposal site at Yucca Mountain, southern Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1790, p. 129-138.

Ross, D.C., 1962, Preliminary geologic map of the Independence quadrangle, Inyo County, California: United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Mineral Inv. Field Studies Map MF-254, Extent unknown Scale unknown. (incomplete reference)

Ross, D.C., 1963, New Cambrian, Ordovician and Silurian formations in the Independence quadrangle, Inyo County, California, in Short papers in geology and hydrology: US Geological Survey Professional Paper 475-B, p. B74-B85, 219p.

Ross, D.C., 1965, Geology of the Independence quadrangle, Inyo County, California: US Geologocial Survey Bulletin 1181-0, 64 p.

Ross, D.C., 1966, Stratigraphy of some Paleozoic formations in the Independence quadrangle, Inyo County, California: US Geological Survey Professional Paper 396, 64 p.

Ross, D.C., 1967, Generalized geologic map of the Inyo Mountains region, California: Washington, DC, United States Geological Survey, Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map, no. I-506, 1 sheet, 1:125,000.

Ross, D.C., 1967, Geologic map of the Waucoba Wash quadrangle, Inyo County, California: U.S. Geological Survey Map GQ-612, map scale 1:62,500.

Ross, D.C., 1969, Descriptive petrography of three large granitic bodies in the Inyo Mountains, California: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 601, 45p.

Ross, D.C., 1970, Pegmatitic trachyandesite plugs and associated volcanic rocks in the Saline Range-Inyo Mountains region, CaliforniaShorter contributions to general geology, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 614-D, 29 p.

Ross, D.C., compiler, 1967, Generalized geologic map of the Inyo Mountains region, California: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Geologic Investigations Map I—506, scale 1:125,000. M

Ross, R.J., Jr., 1964, Middle and Lower Ordovician formations in southernmost Nevada and adjacent California: US Geological Survey Bulletin, v. 1180-C, p. C1-C101.

Ross, R.J., Jr., 1967, Some Middle Ordovician brachiopods and trilobites from the Basin Ranges, western United States, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 523-D, Pages D32-D34 [incomplete?] . (incomplete reference)

Ross, W.A., 1956, Mississippian rocks in eastern California and adjacent Nevada: Geological Society of America Bulletin, v. 67, p. 1729. (incomplete reference)

Roth, J.G., and Campana, M.E., 1989, A mixing-cell model of the Railroad Valley regional groundwater flow system, central Nevada: University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Desert Research Institute, Water Resources Center Publication 41123, 175 p.

Rothfuss, E.L., 1986, Feral Burro Removal In Death Valley National Monument.: Conf. Sci. Natl. Parks , v. 4, p. 192.

Rothfuss, E.L., 1994, Water monitoring - Amargosa River & Saratoga Springs [memo]. (incomplete reference)

Roths, P.J., Vyverberg, K.A., Troxel, B., et al., 1983, Geology of the northwestern Kingston Range, San Bernadino and Inyo counties, California: Geological Society of America, 36th annual meeting, Rocky Mountain Section and 79th annual meeting, Cordilleran Section, Abstracts with Programs, v. 15, p. 438.

Rowan, L.C., and Wetlaufer, P.H., 1981, Relation between regional lineament systems and structural zones in Nevada: American Association of Petroleum Geologists Bulletin, v. 65, no. 8, p. 1414-1432.

Rowland, S.M., 1978, Environmental stratigraphy of the Lower Member of the Poleta Formation (Lower Cambrian), Esmeralda County, Nevada, Santa Cruz, CA, University of California, Santa Cruz. (incomplete reference)

Rowland, S.M., 1981, Archeocyathid reefs of the southern Great Basin, western United States, in Short papers for the Second International Symposium on the Cambrian System, United States Geological Survey, United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 81-743 [or 81-731 (?)], Extent unknown .

Rowland, S.M., Gath, E.M., Gregory, J.L., et al., 1987, Archaeocyathid reefs of the southern Great Basin, Western United States–Geology and mineral wealth of the Owens Valley region, California: South Coast Geological Society, Annual Field Trip Guidebook, v. 15, p. 115-119.

Rowlands, P.G., (Northern Arizona University, Cooperative Park Studies Unit), 1993,. Vegetation and climate of Death Valley National Monument and the adjacent Mojave and Great Basin Deserts, California and Nevada: Proceedings of the fourth conference on research in California’s National Parks, National Park Service, National Park Service Transactions and Proceedings Series, v. 9, p. 66-82.

Rowlands, P.G., 1982, Physical and biotic attributes of the Eureka Dunes Region, Eureka Valley, California: Unpublished Report, Bureau of Land Management, 46 p.

Rowlands, P.G., 1991, Tank closure report for United States Department of Interior, National Park Service, at Death Valley National Monument, Death Valley California: Los Angeles, CA, Rubeck Engineering and Construction, Inc., 100+ pages.

Rowlands, P.G., 1993, Lust site contamination excavation report for Grapevine and Wildrose areas, Death Valley National Park, Inyo County, California: Los Angeles, CA, Rubeck Engineering and Construction, Inc., 50+ pages.

Rowlands, P.G., 1994, Contaminated soil remediation report for fuel-contaminated soils stockpiled and treated at the Cow Creek maintenance area, Death Valley National Park, Inyo County, California: Los Angeles, CA, Rubeck Engineering and Construction, Inc., 40+ pages.

Rowley, P.D., 1998, Cenozoic transverse zones and igneous belts in the Great Basin, western United States–Their tectonic and economic implications, in Faulds, J.E., and Stewart, J.H., eds., Accommodation zones and transfer zones–The regional segmentation of the Basin and Range Province: Boulder, Colo., Geological Society of America Special Paper 323, p. 195-228.

Rubeck Engineering and Construction Co., 1991, Tank closure report for U.S. Department of Interior: Private Consultants, November 1, 1991 (incomplete reference).

Rubeck Engineering and Construction Co., 1993, LUST (?? Underground Storage Tank) site contamination excavation report for Grapevine and Wildrose Canyons: Private Consultants, October 1, 1993. (incomplete reference)

Rubeck Engineering and Construction Co., 1993, Work, health, and safety, and accident prevention plan for LUST (?? Underground Storage Tank) site excavation and closure at Grapevine and Wildrose Canyons: Private Consultants, June 10, 1993. (incomplete reference)

Rumsey, C.M, 1984, Mineral investigation of the lower Saline Valley Wilderness Study Area (Bureau of Land Management, Number CDCA-117A) Inyo County, California: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report MLA 1-84, 9 p.

Runkle, L.H., 1970, Regional ground-water systems in the Nevada Test Site area, Nye, Lincoln, and Clark counties, Nevada, Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Nevada Division of Water Resources, Reconnaissance Series Report 54, 25 p.

Runkle, L.H., 1984, The depositional and erosional history of some recent sediments: Mosaic Canyon, Death Valley, California, 21 pp. ill.; maps; graphs; tabs.

Rush, F.E., 1968, Index of hydrographic areas in Nevada: Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Division of Water Resources Reconnaissance Report 6, 37 p.

Rush, F.E., 1968, Water-resources appraisal of Clayton Valley-Stonewall Flat area, Nevada and California: Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Division of Water Resources Reconnaissance Report 45, 54 p.

Rush, F.E., 1970, Regional ground-water systems in the Nevada Test Site Area, Nye, Lincoln, and Clark Counties, Nevada: Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Division of Water Resources Reconnaissance Report 54, 24 p.

Rush, F.E., and Huxel, C.J., 1966, Ground-water appraisal of the Eldorado-Puite Valley area, Nevada and California: Nevada Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Division of Water Resources Reconnaissance Report 36, 30 p.

Rush, F.E., and Katzer, T.L., 1973, Water-resources appraisal of Fish Lake Valley, Nevada and California: Nevada Division of Water Resources Reconnaissance Report 58, 70 p.

Rush, F.E., Scott, B.R., Van Denburgh, A.S., and Vasey, B.J., 1971, State of Nevada water resources and interbasin flows: Nevada Division of Water Resources Map, map scale 1:750,000.

Rush, F.E., Thordarson, W., and Bruckheimer, L., 1983, Geohydrologic and drill-hole data for test well USW H-1, adjacent to Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-141, 38 p.

Rush, F.E., Thordarson, W., and Pyles, D. G., 1984, Geohydrology of test well USW H-1, Yucca Mountain, Nye County, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Report 84-4032, 56 p.

Russell, C.E., 1988, Annotated bibliography of the physical data of Rainier Mesa and Yucca Mountain: .State of Nevada, Agency for Nuclear Projects/Nuclear Waste Project Office, NWPO-TR-012-89. University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Water Resources Center, Desert Research Institute, 54 p.

Russell, C.E., Hess, J.W., and Tyler, S.W., (in press as of 1996), Hydrogeologic investigation of flow in fractured tuffs, Rainier Mesa, Nevada Test Site: University of Nevada at Las Vegas, Desert Research Institute Publication 45062, 25 p. (incomplete reference)

Russell, Gary M., and Locke, Glenn L., 1997, Summary of data concerning rediological contamination at Well PM-2, Nevada Test Site, Nevada: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 96-599, 22 p., 6 appendix.

Russell, I.C., 1889, Quaternary history of Mono Valley, California: U.S. Geological Survey, 8th Annual Report, p. 261-394, plates XVI-XLIV, 12 figures.

Ryall, A., 1973, Earthquake Potential in Western Nevada: Presented at an ASCE Seminar on Engineering Problems Associated with Earthquake Hazards in Western Nevada, Carson City, January 29, 1973, 19 p.

Ryall, A., and Ryall, F.D., 1983, Increased Potential for a Major Earthquake in the White Mountains Seismic Gap, California and Nevada: Unpublished Report, Seismological Laboratory University of Nevada, Reno.

Ryall, A., and VanWormer, J.D., 1980, Estimation of Maximum Magnitude and Recommended Seismic Zone Changes in the Western Great Basin: Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, v. 70, no. 5, p. 1573-1581.

Ryall, A., Slemmons, D.B. and Gedney, L.D., 1966, Seismicity, Tectonism, and Surface Faulting in the Western United States During Historic Time: Seismological Society of America, Bulletin, v. 56, p. 1105-1135.

Ryan, D.R., 1992, Analysis of water levels in Devils Hole: National Park Service, Water Resources Division, Fort Collins, Colorado. (incomplete reference)

Rykken, L.E., 1976, Lithium production from Searles Valley, in Vine, James D., Editor, Lithium resources and requirements by the year 2000, Golden CO, January 22 1976-January 24 1976, United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 1005, p. 33-34.



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