For more information about National Park Service air resources, please visit http://www.nature.nps.gov/air/.


Scenic views and native vegetation images from parks within San Francisco Bay Area Network

Studies and Monitoring

Pinnacles National Park

Pinnacles National Park (NP), California, has its own unique environmental concerns based on its particular ecology. Click on the tabs below to access air quality monitoring information from the monument and to review key scientific references for Pinnacles NP.

  • Monitoring & Data
  • Key References

Air quality monitoring information and data access:

Air Pollutant/Impact

Monitoring Program

Sites and Data Access

Visibility IMPROVE
Nitrogen & Sulfur Wet deposition NADP/NTN
Dry deposition CASTNet
Ozone NPS-GPMP

Abbreviations in the above table:

    CASTNet: EPA Clean Air Status and Trends Network
    GPMP: Gaseous Pollutant Monitoring Program
    IMPROVE: Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments
    NADP: National Atmospheric Deposition Program
    NPS: National Park Service
    NTN: National Trends Network
    VIEWS: Visibility Information Exchange Web System

For more information regarding monitoring and data assessments conducted by the National Park Service, link to the NPS Air Quality Monitoring Program or to the NPS Air Quality Monitoring History Database for a history of active and inactive monitoring sites at Pinnacles NP.

Key air quality related references from Pinnacles NP, California:

Campbell, S. J., Wanek, R. Coulston, J. W. 2007. Ozone injury in west coast forests: 6 years of monitoring. General Technical Report. PNW-GTR-722. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 53 p. Available at http://www.fs.fed.us/pnw/pubs/pnw_gtr722.pdf (pdf, 2.3 MB).

Fenn, M. E., Haeuber, G. S., Tonnesen, J. S., Baron, J. S., Grossman-Clarke, S., Hope, D., Jaffe, D. A., Copeland, S., Geiser, L., Rueth, H. M., and Sickman, J. O. 2003. Nitrogen emissions, deposition and monitoring in the western United States. Bioscience 53: 391–403.

[IMPROVE] Interagency Monitoring of Protected Visual Environments. 2010. Improve Summary Data. Available at http://vista.cira.colostate.edu/improve/Data/IMPROVE/summary_data.htm.

Jovan, S. 2008. Lichen bioindication of biodiversity, air quality, and climate: baseline results from monitoring in Washington, Oregon, and California. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-737. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station. 115 p. Available at http://gis.nacse.org/lichenair/doc/Jovan2008.pdf (pdf, 4.5 MB).

Jovan, S. and McCune, B. 2005. Air quality bioindication in the greater central valley of California, with epiphytic macrolichen communities. Ecological Applications 15: 1712–1726. Available at http://gis.nacse.org/lichenair/doc/Jovan_and_McCune_2005.pdf (pdf, 334 KB).

Kohut, R. 2004. Assessing the Risk of Foliar Injury from Ozone on Vegetation in Parks in the San Francisco Bay Area Network. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/air/Pubs/pdf/03Risk/sfanO3RiskOct04.pdf (pdf, 137 KB).

Sullivan, T. J., McDonnell, T. C., McPherson, G. T., Mackey, S. D., Moore, D. 2011a. Evaluation of the sensitivity of inventory and monitoring national parks to nutrient enrichment effects from atmospheric nitrogen deposition: main report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/ARD/NRR—2011/313. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at www.nature.nps.gov/air/permits/aris/networks/n-sensitivity.cfm.

Sullivan, T. J., McDonnell, T. C., McPherson, G. T., Mackey, S. D., Moore, D. 2011b. Evaluation of the sensitivity of inventory and monitoring national parks to nutrient enrichment effects from atmospheric nitrogen deposition: San Francisco Bay Area Network (SFAN). Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/ARD/NRR—2011/325. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/air/Pubs/pdf/n-sensitivity/sfan_n_sensitivity_2011-02.pdf (pdf, 7.4 MB).

Sullivan, T. J., McPherson, G. T., McDonnell, T. C., Mackey, S. D., Moore, D. 2011c. Evaluation of the sensitivity of inventory and monitoring national parks to acidification effects from atmospheric sulfur and nitrogen deposition: main report. Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/ARD/NRR—2011/349. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/air/permits/aris/networks/acidification-eval.cfm.

Sullivan, T. J., McPherson, G. T., McDonnell, T. C., Mackey, S. D., Moore, D. 2011d. Evaluation of the sensitivity of inventory and monitoring national parks to acidification effects from atmospheric sulfur and nitrogen deposition: San Francisco Bay Area Network (SFAN). Natural Resource Report NPS/NRPC/ARD/NRR—2011/376. National Park Service, Denver, Colorado. Available at http://www.nature.nps.gov/air/Pubs/pdf/acidification/sfan_acidification-eval_2011-05.pdf (pdf, 2.1 MB).

Sullivan, T. J., Peterson, D. L., Blanchard, C. L. 2001. Assessment of Air Quality and Air Pollutant Impacts in Class I National Parks of California. National Park Service. 421 pp. Available at http://nature.nps.gov/air/Pubs/pdf/reviews/ca/CAreport.pdf (pdf, 6.3 KB).

Vasquez, E., Sheley, R. and Svejcar, T. 2008. Nitrogen Enhances the Competitive Ability of Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum) Relative to Native Grasses. Invasive Plant Science and Management 1 (3): 287–295.


Featured Content

Impacts icon

Pollutants including nitrogen, sulfur, ozone, and fine particles affect resources such as streams, soils, and scenic vistas. Find out how on our Pinnacles NP Air Pollution Impacts web page.

Related Links

Last Updated: January 22, 2013