Masthead banner of Park Science: Integrating Research and Resource Management in the National Parks; ISSN 1090-9966; link to current issue
Volume 30
Number 1
Summer 2013
Arrowhead symbol of the National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior
Home + About + Author Guidelines + Archive + Subscribe +  
Photo of a ranger holding a bat by the wings in gloved hands Features
Bat research and interpretive programming: Increasing public interest in Pipe Spring National Monument
By John R. Taylor, Andrea Bornemeier, Amber Van Alfen, and Cameron Jack
Published: 15 Jan 2014 (online)  •  30 Jan 2014 (in print)
Pages
 
Abstract
  Introduction
Repairs
Need for bat research
A focal point for interpretive programs
Results of bat research
Outcomes
Literature cited
About the authors
+ PDF +
Introduction
Photo of Winsor Castle, Pipe Spring National Monument, Arizona.

NPS PHOTO

Figure 1. Historical Winsor Castle and one of two ponds at Pipe Spring National Monument where the bat surveys and interpretive activities took place.

Water plays the starring role in the history of Pipe Spring National Monument in northern Arizona. The natural springs that emerge here are one of the few stable water sources in an arid strip of desert sandwiched between Grand Canyon and Zion National Parks. Wildlife, prehistoric people, Paiute Indians, Mormon pioneers, and national park visitors have all used this oasis as a life-sustaining rest area. Here the Sevier fault routes groundwater from an adjacent aquifer to the surface, where three springs emerge from the sandstone.

Mormon pioneers developed the springs around 1880, catching the water in basins or ponds and diverting it for irrigation and for cattle and sheep. They also constructed a fortress-like structure directly over the main spring. Known as Winsor Castle (fig. 1, above), this historical building is symbolic of the struggle over water rights that ensued and is a central feature in the story of Pipe Spring National Monument.

The ponds continue to provide a constant supply of water for livestock and irrigation for the gardens and fruit trees that reflect the park’s rich history. These open water sources also benefit local wildlife. At least 21 species of squirrels, rats, shrews, and mice are present in the area, all of which are food sources for coyotes, bobcats, badgers, and foxes (Bogan and Haymond 2001). Red-tailed hawks and great horned owls also spend time in the trees surrounding the ponds in hopes of gaining an easy meal. Additionally, bats rely on the ponds as a place to hunt insects.

Return to top

This page updated:  16 January 2014
URL: http://www.nature.nps.gov/ParkScience/index.cfm?ArticleID=627&Page=1



Page 1 of 8 • Next +
Departments
 
From the Editor
Upcoming Issues/Deadlines
Masthead Information
FEATURES
 
Estimating ecosystem carbon stocks at Redwood National and State Parks
Planning for the impact of sea-level rise on U.S. national parks
  Bat research and interpretive programming: Increasing public interest in Pipe Spring National Monument
An exploration of the human dimensions of riparian tamarisk control in Canyonlands National Park, Utah
Potential effects of warming climate on visitor use in three Alaskan national parks
Inventory, conservation, and management of lava tube caves at El Malpais National Monument, New Mexico
Appendix A: Annotated list of cave-dwelling taxa
Landscape conservation forecasting™ for Great Basin National Park
Related Publications + Explore Nature + NPS.gov + Privacy + Disclaimer + Contact Editor
Web Site Last Updated: 14 October 2014